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Family Rosaceae
Rubus pectinellus Maxim.

Huang pao

Scientific names Common names
Calyctenium pectinellum (Maxim.) Greene         Unresolved Apukid (Bontok)
Rubus pectinellus Maxim. Atibulnak (Tag.)
Rubus pectinellus var. trilobus Koidz. Bagalbalan (Bagobo)
  Balinana (Mangalay)
  Bana (Igorot)
  Pinit (Ifugao)
The species is closely related to Rubus calycinus.
Rubus pectinellus Maxim. is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Huang pao, Jiao xu mu.
JAPANESE: Kobano fuyuichigo.

Gen info
Rubus is a large genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae. They are small shrubs or almost herbaceous plants, with prickly stems and twigs. Flowers are white, pink, or red, usually in clusters. Fruits are usually red or orange berries; some species have edible fruits. There are about 25 species of Rubus in the Philippines, 15 of which are endemic to the country.

Atibulnak is a deciduous trailing plant, with stems measuring 0.5 to 1 meter long with a diameter of 0.2 to 0.5 cm at the biggest portion. Leaves are alternate, rough, hairy, heart-shaped, with toothed margins, 3 to 6 centimeters in diameter, the lower surface green, the upper surface darker green. Calyx, stems and leaves are armed with small fine spines. Flowers are white, up to 2 centimeters or more in diameter when fully opened. Fruits are 1.5 centimeters in diameter, bright red, juicy, subacid with a good flavor.

- Widely growing in mossy forests and in lower elevations with moist and cold environment.
- Observed in the cold areas of Luzon and Mindanao.
- Found in E. Asia, China, Taiwan, Japan.

- Fleshy pulp of the ripe fruit is eaten raw.
- Considered one of the best tasting of the Rubus species in the Philippines.
- Leaves eaten as vegetable.
- No specific reported used for atibulnak. For common Rubus species, local medicinal uses are reported for roots and leaves against dysentery, cough, thrush, fever, urinary and abdominal problems.
- Ritual: Of cultural significance in the Tibetan culture. One of ten species of plants used for weisang, burned for the fragrance of its smoke believed to please the mountain god, to cleanse the people of dirty things, and to accompany the prayers for good harvest and prosperity. (3)
- Dye:
Fruit yields a purple to dull blue dye.

No studies found.


© Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D. / StuartXchange

August 2018

IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph: Leaves and fruit / Rubus pectinellus / Alpsdake / 22 September 2014 / CC BY-SA 4.0 / click on image to go to source page / WIKIMEDIA
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Digitally modified image from Minor Products of Philippine Forests / Vol 1 / Philippine Mangrove Swamps / William Brown and Arthur Fisher / Plate XIV / Heritiera littoralis (Dungon-late) / 1920

Sources and Suggested Readings
DENR Recommends No. 12 - Food From the Wilderness / Compiled by Mercedita A Polinag
Rubus pectinellus / Synonyms / The Plant List
Eating from the wild: diversity of wild edible plants used by Tibetans in Shangri-la region, Yunnan, China /
Yan Ju, Jingxian Zhuo, Bo Liu, and Chunlin Long / J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2013; 9: 28. / doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-9-28
Rubus / Pl@ntUse
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. / Bean. W. / Murray, 1981

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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