Baguio pine is a tall trees growing to 30 to 40 meters with a diameter of 140 centimeters. Bark is dark brown, irregularly flaking, deeply fissured. Wood
with numerous resin canals. Branches are spreading, longest at the
base and shorter upwards. Crown is narrow, with weakly developed lateral branches. Needles are in fascicles of three, sometimes two, with a persistent
sheath, dark green, and up to 22 centimeters long. Cones are ovoid, up to centimeters cm
long, 3-5 centimeters diameter, solitary or in pairs, brown in color.
- Found in the elevated areas of Baguio
City and the mountain province.
Occasionally seen in the Metro Manila
and other lowland areas, albeit, growing poorly.
Leaves, bark, latex.
• Oil contains d-a-pinene (nitrosochloride, nitrobenzyl-amine)
and B-pinene (m.0. of nopinic acid).
• Terpenes - abietic
acid (abietane diterpenoid) - widespread in the Pinacea family.
• Turpentine oil consists principally of pinene.
• Study on oleoresin yielded 21% of turpentine oil containing α-pinene (59.36%), β -pinene (31.20%) and longifolcne (0.78%).
• Monoterpene, alpha-pinene reported to have anti-acne, anti-pneumonic,
expectorant, insecticide and tranquilizer properties.
• Turpentine produced from P. insularis has the appearance and consistency like that of crystallized honey and possess a pleasant odor.
• Wood is moderately hard, resembling yellow pine in the United States.
- Limited folkloric
medicinal use in the Philippines.
- In the Mountain Province, latex rubbed over arthritic pains.
• A source of Philippine turpentine oil.
• Used in Spanish times as a commercial source of turpentine.
study yielded alpha-pinene, a monoterpene, with ant-bacterial, expectorant,
insecticidal and tranquilizing properties.