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Two species of the family Pinaceae common in the Mountain Province: (1) Benguet Pine, native to the Philippines, also known as Baguio pine, Pinus kesiya, Pinus insularis and (2) Cuban pine, Pinus carbaea, recenty introduced.

Family Pinaceae
Baguio pine
Pinus insularis Endl.

Other scientific names Common names
Pinus kesiya Royle ex Grodon Baguio pine (Engl.)
  Benguet pine (Engl.)

Tall trees growing to 20 meters or more. Bark is dark brown, irregularly flaking, deeply fissured. Wood with numberous resin canals. Branches are spreading, longest at the base and shorter upwards. Needles are in fascicles of 3s with a persistent sheath, dark green, and up to 22 cm long. Cones are ovoid, up to 8 cm long, 3-5 cm diameter, solitary or in pairs, brown in color.

Found in the elevated areas of Baguio City and the mountain province. Occasionally seen in the Metro Manila and other lowland areas, albeit, growing poorly.

Parts used
Leaves, bark, latex.

Properties and constituents
• Phytochemical study yielded a monoterpene, alpha-pinene with anti-acne, anti-pneumonic, expectorant, insecticide and tranquilizer properties.
• Oil contains d-a-pinene (nitrosochloride, nitrobenzyl-amine) and B-pinene (m.0. of nopinic acid).
• Terpenes - abietic acid (abietane diterpenoid) - widespread in the Pinacea family.

Limited folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
In the Mountain Province, latex rubbed over arthritic pains.
• A source of Philippine turpentine oil.

• Phytochemical study yielded alpha-pinene, a monoterpene, with ant-bacterial, expectorant, insecticidal and tranquilizing properties.


Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Plant sources and properties of some important phytochemicals

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