Moses in a Cradle: The small white
three-petaled flowers (Moses) arise from within the boat-shaped purple
bracts (the cradle) nestled between the leaf axils. source
· A stout perennial herbaceous, somewhat fleshy
plant, 0.5 m in height or less, the stem thick and unbranched.
· Leaves: lanceolate, acuminate, 40 to 60 cm long, 4 to 6 cm
wide, fleshy, the upper surface dark green, the lower purple.
· Flowers: numerous in each inflorescence, fascicled, white,
about 1 cm in diameter. Inflorescence, axillary, short, peduncled, the
flowers surrounded by 2 large, imbricate, laterally compressed, distichous,
3 to 4 cm long, purplish bracts.
Ornamental cultivation; scarcely
Collect the whole year round. Sun-dry.
• Decongestant, expectorant,
blood refrigerant, antidysenteric.
• Phytochemical studies yielded alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids,
saponins, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, tannin and phenolic coumpounds
· Cough, cold, coughing phlegm
with blood, whooping cough.
· Nose bleed.
· Bacillary dysentery, blood in the stool.
· Dosage: use 30 to 60 gms fresh material, 15 to 84 gms dried
material or 20 to 30 pieces dried material in decoction.
· In Singapore,
sold in markets as both ornamental and medicinal: Boiled in water, it
is believed to have cooling properties.
The plant sap is considered poisonous.
Contact may cause stinging and itching of the skin and eyes. Ingestion
may cause irritation of the lips, mouth, throat and abdominal pain.
• Anti-tumor / Chemoprevention: Aqueous crude extract of Rhoeo
discolor decreases the formation of liver preneoplastic foci in rats – In Mexico, Rhoeo discolor has been used to treat cancer. A study was
done to validate its antitumoral property. It showed a reduction of
preneoplastic lesions and justifies continuing further studies for its
• Antigenotoxic, antimutagenic and
ROS scavenging activities: (1) Extensively used in traditionally
medicine in Mexico for the treatment of superficial mycoses, a study
was done to evaluate its antimutagenic and antigenotoxic activities.
The extract was neither mutagenic nor genotoxic. It showed dome radical
scavenging, less than a-tocopherol and more than ascorbic acid. (2) Study of antimutagenic mechanisms showed the extract might be used to avoid DNA damage by alkylation, corrected alkylguanine transferase protein encoded with ogt gene.
• ·Antimicrobial / Phytochemical
Constituents : Phytochemical studies yielded alkaloids,
flavonoids, steroids, saponins, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, tannin
and phenolic coumpounds and oil. Study showed good inhibitory activity
with dose-dependent increase in effect. K pneumonia was found to be