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Family Combretaceae
Terminalia bialata (Roxb.) Steud.

Scientific names Common names
Myrobalanus bialata (Roxb.) Kuntze Bialata (Tag.)
Pentaptera bialata Roxb. Indan silver-grey wood (Engl.)
Terminalia bialata (Roxb.) Steud. Silver grey wood (Engl.)
  White chuglam (Engl.)
Correction: A previous plant page featured Terminalia bialata as a synonym of Terminalia calamansanai as synonyms. Studies have shown them to be separate species.
Terminalia bialata (Roxb.) Steud. is an accepted name. Plants of the World Online

Other vernacular names
HINDII: Chuglam, Safed chuglam.

Gen info
- Terminalia is a genus of large trees of the flowering family Combretaceae, comprising nearly 300 species distributed in tropical regions of the world. (3)
- The genus name derives from the Latin terminus,
referring to the leaves appearing at the very tips of the shoots. (3)

Termiinalia bialata is a tree that reaches a height of 100-160 feet with a trunk diameter of about 5 feet. Wood is bright chrome yellow, sometimes light nut brown olive brown, or yellow brown with irregular dark streaks; sapwood often very wide and not differentiated. Grain generally straight; texture medium to coarse, lustrous, without characteristic odor or taste. (4)

- Native to the Philippines.
- Common in moist deciduous forests.
- Also native to the Andaman Is. Cambodia, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Thailand, Vietnam. (2)

- No studies available.

- Studies have suggest cardiac stimulant and antihypertensive properties.

Parts used


- No reported medicinal use in the Philippines.
- In India, bark traditionally used for treatment of hypertension.
- Wood:
Moderately durable but susceptible to pinhole borer and powder-post beetle attack. Reportedly resistant to preservative treatments. Used for furniture making, cabinetwork, paneling, flooriing, ships' fittings. (4)

Cardiac Stimulant / Dried Bark:
In a comparative study of dried barks of Terminalia species, T. bialata was classified as pharmacodynamically active as a potent cardiac stimulant. (5)
Antihypertensive / Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition / Bark: Bark has been shown to possess ACE inhibitory activity, with inhibition rate of 86%.


October 2021

IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph: Terminalia bialata / Sample ID :TRP129> Copyright ©2016: License Holder: PHCDBS, Paul Hebert Centre for DNA Barcoding and Biodiversity Studies / Click on image to go to source page / BOLD SYSTEMS
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Illustration: Terminalia bialata commissioned by William Roxburgh / click on image to go to source page / Plants of the World Online

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Sorting Terminalia names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1995 - 2020 / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The Univers ity of Melbourne. Australia.
Terminalia bialata / Plants of the World Onliine
Terminalia / Wikip
Terminalia bialata / Wood Techniical Fact Sheet / USDA Forest Service
A comparative study of the dried barks of the commoner Indian species of genus Terminalis Linn. / Caius J F, Mhasjar J S, Mozelle Isaacs / Indian Medical Research Memoirs, 1930; No Memoir 16: pp 51-75 / Record No 19312902271
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition by Brazilian plants / Fernap C Braga, Julio A Lombardi et al / Fiteropia, 2007; 78: pp 353-358

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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