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Family Piperaceae
Piper abbreviatum Opiz

Scientific names Common names
Piper abbreviatum Opiz Alapapan (Mbo.)
Piper chaba Blume Bagaybajon (Mbo.)
Piper rhombophyllum C. DC. Buyo-buyo (Bik.)
Piper miquelinum F.-Vill. Buyo-halo (P. Bis.)
Piper rubripunctulatum C. DC. Guti-guti (Bik.)
Piper parvispica C. DC. Halopai (Mbo.)
Piper mearnsii C. DC . Kaligu-uan (Lan.)
Chavica chaba Miq. Laiñgan (Sub.)
Chavica populifolia Miq. Lauigang (Tag.)
  Lingolingo-daytoi (Bis.)
  Manikatapai (Bag.)
  Samaina (Mbo.)
  Tandauon (Mbo.)
  False kava (Engl.) ?

Gen info
There is an estimated total of 1200 species of Piper in the pantropical and neotropical regions. Works on Philippine wild Piperaceae have been extensive. Candole (1910) reported 133 species of Piper and 26 of Peperomia; Merill (1923), 115 Piper, 25 Peperomia, and Quisumbing (1930), documented 87 Piper and 21 Peperomia.

Buyo-buyo is a dioecious vine, the branches smooth, terete and 1.5 to 3 mm in diameter. Leaves are membranous to chartaceoous, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic-oblong or rounded-elliptic, 4 to 14 cm long, 1.5 to 6.7 cm wide, usually 5-plinerved, rarely 3-plinerved or 7-plinerved. Pistillate spikes are abbreviated, oblong to globose-ovoid, 7 to 20 mm long, 7.5 to 11 mm in diameter, with the smooth peduncles 0.8 to 2 cm long. Rachis is hirsute. Bracts are sessile, peltate, the disc smooth, transversely subelliptic to obovate, 0.5 to 0.8 mm wide. Fruits are crowded, coalescing fully embedded in and concrescent with the rachis, oblanceolate to obovoid, about 3 mm long, angled, smooth and umbonate apex. Stigmas number 3 or 4, ovoid, sessile and apical. Seeds are obovoid, oblong-obovoid or oblanceolate, 2 to 2.5 mm long. Staminate spikes are slender, 2.2 to 5.7 cm long, 1.5 to 3 mm in diameter; the bracts subsessile, peltate, 0.5 to 0.6 mm long, disk transversly subelliptic, smooth, 0.5 to 0.6 mm wide. Stamens 2, pedicellate, 0.6 to 1 mm long; the anthers reniform to subglobose, 2-valved; the filaments slightly longer than the anthers, somewhat exserted.

In forests at low and medium altitudes throughout the Philippines.
Also occurs in Borneo and Java.

Fruits considered aromatic, stimulant and carminative.

Parts used
Leaves, fruits.


Fruits are aromatic, stimulant and carminative.
In the Philippines, paste of leaves used externally to treat splenomegaly.
Fruits used for coughs and colds.
Used for flatulence.


Last Update May 2011

IMAGE SOURCE: Piper Chaba / File:Piper chaba BotGardBln1105Z.JPG / Berlin Botanical Gardens Berlin-Dahlem / Nov 2005 /GNU Free DocumnetaionLicense / Wikipedia

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Piper (Piperaceae) in the Solomon Islands: the climbing species / R O Gardner / Blumea 55, 2010: 4–13 / doi:10.3767/000651910X499114
A BRIEF ACCOUNT ON THE WILD PIPER (PIPERACEAE) OF THE CROCKER RANGE, SABAH / C.S. Tawan, I.B. Ipor, B.A. Fashihuddin and H. Sani / ASEAN Review of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation (ARBEC) July-September 2002
Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific / Drugswell

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