Erect and branched shrub
growing up to a meter high, with cylindric or obscurely angled branches
lined with stiff, slender, divergent spines. Leaves are few, alternate,
pale green, oblong-obovate, or short acuminate, up to 5 cm long. Inflorescences
arise from the upper leaf axils and is peduncled with 2-4 involucres
in each peduncle, each involucre with 2 spreading red kidney-shaped
Widely cultivated in settled
areas in the Philippines.
Native to Madagascar.
No reported folkloric
medicinal use in the Philippines.
• Popular use in
South Brazil as "dragon's
blood," the red latex from Christ's crown Euphorbia milli (Euphorbiaceae)
as a treatment for warts. source
• In Chinese
folk medicine, euphorbia compounds used in cancer treatment.
In a study of 41 plants tested against E coli, Shigella spp, and Vibrios spp among others, Euphorbia milli was one of 28 that showed antibacterial
Inhibition: Dry flower powder of Euphorbia milli
was found to have 100% total inhibition on aflatoxin-producing fungi
on agar-medium. The effect may be due to the interference of the simple
phenols and phenolic acids, quinones, flavones, flavonoids and flavanols,
possibly at the biosynthetic level. This may find application in the
elimination or control of aflatoxin contamination of foodstuffs, as
well as controlling aspergillosis, a large spectrum of disease caused
by members of genus Aspergillus.
• Mollusicidal / Non-Teratogenic: Study of the embryofeto-toxicity of Crown-of-Thorns
(Euphorbia milii) latex, a natural molluscicide: The study
is a comprehensive safety evaluation of the embryotoxic potenial of
E. milli. The crude latex of Euphorbia milli is a potent plant molluscicide
and a promising alternative to synthetic moluscicides used in schistosomiasis
control. The study concludes that the plant molluscicide poses no teratogenic