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Family Euphorbiaceae
Macaranga aleuritoides F.Muell.

Scientific names Common names
Macaranga aleuritoides F.Muell. Hamindang (Tag.)
Macaranga riparia Engl. Macaranga
Macaranga aleuritoides F.Muell. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
BORNEO: Sedaman, Marakubong.
INDONESIA: Mahang kapur.
MALAYSIA: Marakubong, Benua.
MYANMAR: Petwaing.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Macaranga, Kapang guang.

Macaranga aleuritoides is a small to medium sized evergreen tree growing up to 20 meters tall. Bole is straight, up to 50 centimeters in diameter, occasionally with stilt roots, rarely with buttresses. Bark is brown, horizontally fissured.Petioles are 14 to 32 centimeters long, usually stout, D-shpaed in transverse section near the base, 4 to 11 millimeters across, at first tomentose, later glabrous. Blades are large, trilobed, rarely entire ovate, 22 to 32 centimeters by 20-27 centimeters, with 3 main and several minor nerves from the petiole insertion.. Staminate inflorescences are dense, crowded, 20 by 8 centimeters, dirty brown pubescent. Flowers about 10 per cluster, sessile, stamens 5 to 15,, anters 3-locular. Fruits in groups of 1 to 3, clustered t the tips, globular, 12 millimeters across or shallowly bilobed. Seeds are globose, 6 millimeters, coarsely verrucose, with sarcotesta.

- Common in secondary growth forests in the Philippines.
- Occasionally planted as an ornamental.

- Found in Southeast Asia_ Indonesia to new Guinea and the Solomon Islands.

- Methanol extract yielded flavonoids, tannins, and saponins. (see study below)

- Abortifacient.

Parts used
Leaves, bark.


- Leaves are use to induce abortion. (2)
- In Papua New Guinea, used for induction of labor. Used for treating cuts in Siwai and breast abscesses in Buin. In Bougainville and Milne Bay, bark used to treat cough; leaves used for boils, bruises and headache. (3)
- Fuel: Source of firewood.

- Cooking: Leaves used for wrapping food before cooking. (2)
- Wood: Soft; used for light construction, like rafters, flooring, battens, carving, and light uses. (2)

Toxicity Study / Brine Shrimp Lethality :
Toxicity study of methanol extract using brine shrimp lethality showed an LC50 of 6,710.94 ppm. (see constituents above) (3)


August 2020

                                                 PHOTOS / ILLUSTRATIONS
IMAGE SOURCE: Photographs / Maacaranga aleuritoides / click on image to go to source page / © SJ.F. Bell Museum of Natural History

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Macaranga aleuritoides / Synonyms / The Plant List
Macaranga aleuritoides / Ken Fern: Tropical Plant Database / Useful Tropical Plants
An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the Siwai and Buin districts of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville / Julie Waruruai, Beuluah Sipana, Michael Koch, Louis R Barrows, Teatulohi K Matainaho, and Prem P Rai / J Ethnoharmacol, 2011; 138(2): pp 564-577 / doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2011.09.052
Toxicity and phytochemistry test of methanol extract of several plants from papua using Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BSLT) / Martina Sri Lestari, Toto Himawan, A Latif Abadi, Rurini Retnowati / Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research / ISSNL 0975-7384
Mlesian Euphorbiaceae Descriptions: Macaranga 66 / T C Whitmore / Flora Malesiana

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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