Uan-suy is an annual, branched, smooth herb,
growing up to 30 centimeters in height. Leaves are pinnately or ternately
decompound; the ultimate segment of the lower leaves is ovate or lanceolate and deeply cut;
the upper leaves are more finely dissected into narrow linear segments.
Flowers are white, formed in umbels. Fruit is somewhat rounded and ribbeed.
Seeds are convex-concave, about thrice as broad as they are thick.
- Cultivated in the lowlands,
popular among Chinese gardeners.
- Grows best in the Baguio area.
- Apparently indigenous in the Mediterranean region and the Caucasus.
- Fresh plant contains volatile
- Coriander oil contain: coriandrol, d-ilinalool, licareol,
d-d-pinene, p-cymol, trepinene, dipentene, geraniol, l-borneol, B-phellandrene, terpinolene, n-decylaldehyde, acetic acid, decyl acid.
The fruit has a volatile oil, 0.25%; pentosan, 10.6%; furfurol, 6%; pectin, 1.1 to 1.7%; vitamin C; fat 19%; protein
11%, starch 10.5%, and potassium maleate 1.8%, fat 0.3%, and vitamin C3.
- Considered aromatic, antihalitosis,
carminative, corrective, narcotic, stimulant; stomachic.
- Taste, odor, and medicinal qualities depend on the volatile oil.
Oil, seeds, leaves, fruit.
- Seeds and leaves are edible.
- Used as seasoning.
- A component of curry powder.
- Seeds used in confectionary and flavoring of gin and other spirits.
- Leaves are eaten raw with native dishes: kilauin, lumpia, pansit, paksiw
- Infusion of the fruit is used for dyspepsia.
- Pounded seeds inhaled for its odor to counter dizziness.
- Oil useful for flatulence, colic, rheumatism, neuralgia.
- Plant used for ptomaine poisoning.
- Seeds chewed for halitosis.
- Paste of seeds applied for headaches.
- Seeds used in lotions or bruised for poultice in rhuematic pains.
- Juice of fresh plant applied for erythema.
- Decoction of plant in milk (with sugar added to taste) used for bleeding
Cold infusiion of seeds or powder made of dried seeds with a little sugar useful for colic in children. Also relieves internal heat and thirst.
- In Iranian folk medicine,
recommended for anxiety and insomnia.
- Perfumery: Used as fragrance component for soaps and cosmetics and flavoring in
- Repellent: Fungicidal and bactericidal. Growing plant repels aphids. A boiled mixture of one part coriander leaves and one part anise seeds
is effective against red spider mites and aphids.
• Anticonvulsant: Results of study in mice suggest
extracts of CS seeds may have a beneficial anticonvulsant effect in petit mal and grand
• Anxiolytic / Sedative / Muscle Relaxant: In an evaluation of its anxiolytic effect in the elevated plus-maze, results suggest that the AE of CS has anxiolytic effect and a potential
for sedative and muscle relaxant effects.
• Diabetes: (1)
Effect of coriander seed (Coriandrum sativum L.) ethanol extract on
insulin release from pancreatic beta cells in streptozotocin-induced
diabetic rats: Extract exhibited a significant decrease in glucose and
an increase in beta cell activity. (2) Study incorporated the aqueous
extract of coriander into the diet and drinking water showed reduced
hyperglycemia in streptozotocin-diabetic mice. Results showed the presence
of hyperglycemic, insulin-releasing and insulin-like activity in Coriandrum
• Hypolipidemic: (1) The
Effect of Feeding Coriandrum sativum Fruits Powder on the Plasma Lipids
Profile in Cholesterol Fed Rats: Study showed a significant decrease
in lipid profile in when given an 8% fruit powder mixed diet for one
month. (2) Study showed Coriander seed oil have hypocholesterolemic properties in rats fed a cholesterol-rich diet. (3) Study on CS hypocholeterolemic effects suggests it may be due to the increased activity of plasma LCAT and enhanced degradation of cholesterol to bile acids and neutral sterols.
• Endocine and Reproductive Organ
Effect : Study did not show negative effects on testosterone
or cholesterol levels, nor on reproductive and endocrine functions.
• Anxiolytic: Study
of the aqueous extract of Coriandrum sativum showed anxiolytic effects
and may have a potential sedative and muscle relaxant effects.
• Collection: Study
showed the collection of essential oil and other volatile compounds,
harvesting must be accomplished at a special hour of the day.
• Lead Elimination: Study
results suggest C sativum is NOT efffective in lead elimination. The increase lead elimination in the studied groups of children may be due to other factors, ie., nutrition, education.
• Anti-Inflammatory Elimination: Study of ethanolic extracts of three plants traditionally used in treatment of inflammation – C sativum, D stramonium and A indica, showed all exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity in albino rats.
• Essential Oil: (1) Study
of the essential oil composition of Coriandrum sativum identified 41 compounds. Essential oil yields showed marked increase during the maturationn process. At the final stage of fruit maturity, the main oils were linalool (87.54%) and cis-dihydrocarvone (2.63%). (2) Study showed that for obtaining higher essential oil yields, harvesting of plants must be accomplised at a special hour of the day.
• Antioxidant / Flavonoids: (1) Comparative study on the free radical scavenging activity of the methanolic extracts of several plants showed C. sativum to have an IC50 of 58.36. (2) Study demonstrated the potential antioxidant activity of the fresh juice of Coriandrum sativum. The presence of flavonoids confirms it antioxidant activity.
• Learning Benefits: Study evaluated the effect of C. sativum seed extract on second-generation mice. Results showed coriander does not improve learning within a short period of time after training; however, learning after coriander administration can be improved in the long term.
• Antibacterial: Study evaluated the antibacterial effect of coriander essential oil against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Results showed the oil has an effective antimicrobial activity against all bacteria tested, except for B. cereus and E. faecalis.
• Reversal of Memory Deficits: Study evaluated the effects of fresh C. sativum leaves on cognitive functions, total cholesterol and brain cholinesterase activity in mice. CSL produced a dose-dependent improvement in memory scores in young and aged mice, with interesting reductions in total choleterol and brain cholinesterase activity. Results suggest a potential useful remedy in the management of Alzheimer's disease.
• Anthelmintic: Study showed C. sativum Linn. demonstrated anthelmintic activity against the Indian earthworm Pheretima posthuma.
• Immunostimulant / Fish Cultures: Study showed Coriandrum sativum exhibited potent immunostimulation with induction of the blood parameters in the experimental fish catla. It suggests a potential as a dietary additive or as an adjuvant to heighten the immune response in fish cultures.
• Hypoglycemic / Hypolipidemic: Study of subchronic administration of CS-extract in rats normalized glycemia and decreased the elevated levels of insulin, insulin resistance, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Because of its effects on components of the metabolic syndrome, it is postulated the extract has cardiovascular protective effect.
GRAS (Generally Recognized
As Safe) status.
Probably safe in amount used with foods.
Probably safe orally in small amounts for medicinal use.
Probably effective for dyspeptic complaints and increasing appetite.
No known interactions with drugs and other herbs.
Essential oils, supplements in the cybermarket.