Mabolo is a medium-sized tree growing to a height
of 20 meters. Leaves are leathery, oblong, up to 20 centimeters long, with a round
base and acute tip. The blade is glossy green, smooth above and softly
hairy below. Female flowers are axillary and solitary, larger than the
male. Fruits are fleshy, globose, up to 8-10 centimeters in diameter, densely covered
with short brown hairs. The pulp is edible. The fruit hairs have to
be rubbed off before eating as it can cause peri-oral itching and irritation.
In forests, at low and medium altitudes.
A shade tree, it is planted along roads and parks.
• Ethyl acetate extract of air-dried leaves yielded (1) isoarborinol methyl ether, (2) a mixture of a-amyrin palmitate, a-amyrin palmitoleate, ß-amyrin palmitate and ß-amyrin palmitoleate and squalene.
• Yields triterpenes.
• Leaf extract yielded alkaloids, reducing sugar, gum, flavonoids, and tannins.
• Fruit is high in tannin
• Considered astringent, antidiarrheal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial.
Roots and leaves.
Edibility / Nutrition
- Fruit is edible, the tannin content
declining as it ripens.
- A good source of vitamins A, C, and minerals.
- Bark and leaves used for itchy skin
- Decoction of bark for coughs.
- Bark used for fevers, dysentery and diarrhea.
- In Southeast Asia, juice
of unripe fruit used for wounds.
- Oil from seeds used for diarrhea and dysentery.
- Infusion of fruit used as gargle in aphthous stomatitis.
- In Bangladesh, juice of
bark and leave used for snakebites.
- Bark and leaves used as eyewash.
- In the Guianas, used for colds, diarrhea, heart problems, hypertension,
spider bites, stomach aches, diabetes, eczema. Source
• Antioxidant: Antioxidant
and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)-induced effects of selected Taiwanese plants:
12 selected indigenous Taiwanese plants, including Diospyros discolor,
were studied for their antioxidant activity, superoxide radicals scavenging
and reducing power activities. D discolor extracts, among others, showed
to contain abundant phenolic constituents suggesting a potential source
of natural antioxidants.
• Bioactive Triterpenes / Antibacterial / Analgesic / Anti-inflammatory: Ethyl acetate extract of air-dried leaves yielded (1) isoarborinol methyl ether, (2) a mixture of a-amyrin palmitate, a-amyrin palmitoleate, ß-amyrin palmitate and ß-amyrin palmitoleate and squalene. Compounds 1 and 2 showed antibacterial activity against E coli, P aeruginosa, C albicans, Staph aureus and T mentagrophytes. Sample 2 showed analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities.
• Chemical Composition / Volatile Components: Study yielded 96 compounds of which the fruit characterized by the existence of many esters – benzyl butyrate (33.9%), butyl butyrate (12.5% and (E)-cinnamyl butyrate (6.8%).
• Constituents / Antioxidant / Antimicrobial: Leaf extract yielded tannins and alkaloids. It showed statistically significant free radical scavenging activity. It showed antidiarrheal property with an increase in latent period of diarrheal induction. Extract also showed significant antimicrobial activity and significant lethality in brine shrimp assay.
• Antiasthma: Methanolic extract showed anti-inflammatory activity in an airway inflammation mouse model. Histological exam of lung tissue showed marked attenuation of allergen-induced eosinophilic inflammation and mucus-producing goblet cells in the airway.
• Biofuel Potential: Mabolo, a much neglected fruit in the Philippines, was studied as a possible inexpensive source of biofuel. An ethanolic extract proved to be as effective as alcohol fuel. On emission testing, it emitted the least amount of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, compared with commercial regular and unleaded gasoline.
• Antidiarrheal: Evaluation of antidiarrheal potential was done on ethanolic extracts of three Bangladesh medicinal plants. Results on ethanolic extracts of leaves of D. blancoi and bark of Acacia nilotica suggest antidiarrheal activities. Results were comparable to standard antidiarrheal drug loperamide.
• Antidiarrheal / Antioxidant: Study showed antidiarrheal activity in a castor-oil induced mice model, with significant reductions in faecal output. Extract also showed dose-dependent antioxidant activity in a DPPH-scavenging assay.
Cultivated and wild-crafted.