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Family Cyperaceae
Cyperus cyperoides (L.) Kuntze

Zhuan zi miao

Scientific names Common names
Cyperus biclumis C.B.Clarke Kupiupi (Sub.)
Cyperus cyperoides (L.) Britton Mañgilang (Sub.)
Cyperus cyperoides (L.) Kuntze. Muta (Pamp.)
Cyperus konkanensis T.Cooke Okokiang (Bon.)
Cyperus kraussii Boeckeler Flat sedge (Engl.)
Cyperus manilensis Boeckeler ex Warb. Pacific Island flat sedge (Engl.)
Cyperus nossibeensis K Schum. Tall sedge (Engl.)
Cyperus steudelianus Boeckleler  
Cyperus sublimis (C.B.Clarke) Dandy  
Kyllinga biglumis (Gaertn.) Steud.  
Kyllinga sumatransis Retz.  
Mariscus alternifolius Vahl.  
Mariscus biglumis Gaertn.  
Mariscus clarkei Turrill ex Craib  
Mariscus concinnus Schrad. ex Nees  
Mariscus corymbosus Boeckeler  
Mariscus humbertii Cherm.  
Mariscus macer Kunth  
Mariscus macrocarpus Kunth  
Mariscus nossibeensis Steud.  
Mariscus philippensis Steud.  
Mariscus pseudoflavus C.B.Clarke  
Mariscus quarrei Cherm.  
Mariscus radiatus Hochst.  
Mariscus sieberianus Nees ex C.B.Clarke  
Mariscus steudelianus (Boeckeler) Cufod.  
Mariscus subliis C.B.Clarke  
Mariscus sumatrensis (Retz.) J. Raynal  
Scirpus cyperoides L.  
Cyperus cyperoides (L.) Kuntze is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Zhuan zi miao.
INDONESIA: jukut bebalean (Sundanese), suket lumbungan (Javanese), tetemung (southern Sumatra).
JAPANESE: Inu kugu.
KOREAN: Bang dong sa ni a jae bi.
MALAYSIA: menderong ekur tupai, rumput janggut baung, rumput mesiyang (Peninsular).
PAPUA NEW GUINEA: kaiga (Ialibu, Southern Highlands)
SWEDEN: Liten parasollsäv.
THAILAND: yaa rang-kaa (Loei).

Mañgilang is a perennial sedge with short rhizomes. Stems are glabrous, 25 to 70 centimeters long. Leaves are often nearly as long as the stems, 3 to 5 millimeters broad. Umbels are simple, 2.5 to 12 centimeters in diameter. Rays are 5 to 12, 2.5 to 8 centimeters long, ultimately straight. Spikes are solitary, cylindric, about 2.5 centimeters long. Spikelets are linear-lanceolate, bearing 1 to 2 nuts which are trigonous and chestnut-colored.

- In old clearings, open grasslands, etc., at low and medium altitudes from northern Luzon to Palawan and Mindanao, in most or all islands and provinces.
- Widespread from Africa to Asia, Malesia, and Australia.

- Cyprerus cyperoides has yielded tricin and luteolin as well as cyperaquinones.

- Anthelmintic, which may be due to cyperaquinines (quinones such as plumbagin).

Parts used
Leaves, roots, seeds.


- In China, roots and seeds made into flour.
- The Ayta people of Porac, Pampanga burn dried leaves and roots burned as repellent against hematophagous insects.
- In Indonesia, used to expel worms from the intestine.
- In
Africa, one of 13 of 54 species of plants, that demonstrated efficacy in hospitalized patients for treatment of Buruli ulcer, the third most common mycobacterial infection in the world, after tuberculosis and leprosy. (see study below) (8)
- Fodder: Sometimes used as fodder.
- Occult: Some occult ritual uses in Papua, New Guinea.

- Ceremonial: In Kenya, C. cyperoides used to bless cows.

Anti-Buruli Ulcer:
Buruli ulcer (BU) is the third most common mycobacterial infection in the world, after TB and leprosy. In a systematic review on ethnobotanical use and anti-BU activity of plants, 98 species were identified having anti-BU use. Ethnopharmacological knowledge was validated in vitro for only 13 species. Of those, seven species including Cyperus cyperoides demonstrated efficacy in hospitalized BU patients. Four isolated and characterized compounds showed moderate bioactivity in vitro against M. ulcerans. (6)


Updated Dec 2019 / Aug 2016

IMAGE SOURCE: / Line drawing / Cyperus cyperoides / Manual of the Alien Plants of Belgium / Click on image to go to souce page / Allen Plants Belgium
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Photo: File:Cypress cyperoides inukugu02.jpg / Author;Keisotyo / 2008,10.25;Tanabe City, Wakayama prefecture, Japan /GNU Free Documentation License / Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Famine foods / Cyperaceae / Robert Freedman
Mariscus sumatrensis (Retz.) J. Raynal / Chinese name and synonyms / Catalogue of Life, China
Medicinal Plants of China, Korea, and Japan: Bioresources for Tomorrow's / Christophe Wiart / Google Books
Cyperus cyperoides (L.) O. Kuntze / Article Source: Nguyen Khac Khoi, 1999. Cyperus cyperoides (L.) O. KuntzeIn: de Padua, L.S., Bunyapraphatsara, N. and Lemmens, R.H.M.J. (Editors). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Backhuys Publisher, Leiden, The Netherlands, p. 226 / Proseanet.org
Cyperus cyperoides / Synonyms / The Plant List
Ethnopharmacological reports on anti-Buruli ulcer medicinal plants in three West African countries / Patrick Valere Tsouh Fokou, Alexander Kwadwo Nyarko, Regina Appiah-Opong, Lauve Rachel Tchokouaha Yamthe b,e, Phyllis Addo a, Isaac K Asante, Fabrice Fekam Boyom / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2015; 172: pp 297-311
A survey of plants used as repellents against hematophagous insects by the Ayta people of Porac, Pampanga province, Philippines / Jasper John A. Obico* and Elena M. Ragragio / Philippine Science Letters, Vol 7, No 1 (2014)

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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