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Family Araliaceae
Osmoxylon lineare (Merr.) Philipson

Scientific names Common names
Boerlagiodendron lineare Merr. Miagos (Tag.)
Osmoxylon lineare (Merr.) Philipson Green aralia (Engl.)
  Miagos bush (Engl.)
Osmoxylon lineare (Merr.) Philipson is an accepted name. KEW: Plants of the World Online

Gen info
- Osmoxylon is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araliaceae, containing about 60 species.
- Etymology: Genus name derives from Greek words "osmo" meaning "flagrant" and "xylon" meaning "wood", referring to the odor of the wood of some members of the genus. The specific epithet "linear" refers to the shape of the foliar segments of the species.

Osmoxylon lineare is an erect, low bushy, evergreen shrub that grows up to 10 feet tall with a similar spread. Root system is extensive, holding the plant securely to the soil. Stems are light gray, hairless, shining, somewhat scurfy at the tips. Upright branches are topped with clusters of glossy, deeply cut foliage. Leaves are hairless, appear palmately compound but are actually entire, with 4-6 narrow, linear segments, 8 inches long and 0.5 inch wide, arranged in a whorl at the top of the stem. Flowers are small, white, in terminal compound umbels. Flower blooms are followed by contrasting round black fruits. Fruits are ovoid, 5-ridged, 5-celled, 3 mm long, white when immature, gradually darkening to a dull black or purple. (2) (3)

- Native to the Philippines.
- Found along riverbanks.
- Endemic to the Philippines but found in cultivation throughout the tropics and subtropics.
- Introduced and cultivated in Australia, Singapore, Hawaii.
- Cultivated as ornamental for its dark green and shiny foliage.

No phytochemical studies found.

Study has suggested phytoremediative property.

Parts used


- In Surigao del Norte, leaf decoction used for treatment of cough. (5)
- Ornamental: Species used in Japanese-style gardens for its fine leaf texture.  Also cultivated as hedges. (2)

Study has shown high nitrate removal of 66%, making it a suitable candidate for phytoremediation (Hunt 2014). Also potential for use in bioretention systems. (3) (6)

- Wild-crafted.
- Ornamental cultivation.

September 2022

IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph: Osmoxylon lineare flowers / Forest & Kim Starr / click on image to go to source page/ CC by 3.0 / Wikipedia
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph: Miagos bush / Mokkie /  CCA-SA 3.0 / click on image to go to source page / Wikimedia Commons

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Osmoxylon lineare (Merr.) Philipson / Plants of the World Online
Osmoxylon lineare / Missouri Botanical Garden
Osmoxylon lineare / FLORA & FAUNA WEB
Osmoxylon lineare / URBAN FOREST
Assessment of native medicinal plants in selected mining area of claver Surigao del Norte, Philippines
/ Meljan T Demetillo, Glenn L Betco, Alvin B Goloran / Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies, 2019; 7(2): pp 171-174 / eISSN: 2320-3862/ pISSN: 2394-0530
Selectionof Plants that Demonstrated Nitrate Removal Characteristics / William Hunt, Bill Lord, Angelia Sia / Plant Selection for Bioretention Systems and Stormwater Practices, 2015 / ISBN: 978-981-287-244-9

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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