HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT

Family Sapindaceae
Nephelium lappaceum Linn.
Shao tzu

Scientific names   Common names  
Dimocarpus crinitus Lour. Rambutan (Tag.)
Euphoria crinita Poir. Usare (Sul.)
Euphoria nephelium Poir. Usau (Bis.)
Euphobria nephelium DC Hairy lychee (Engl.)
Nephelium lappaceum Linn. Ramboutanier (Engl.)
Nephelium ramb-outan Labill.  
Scytalia crinita Raeusch.                       Unresolved  
Scytalia ramboutan Roxb.                     Unresolved  
Nephelium lappaceum L. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Hong mao dan, Shao tzu.
DUTCH: Ramboetan.
FRENCH: Litchi chevelu, Ramboutan, Ramboutanier.
HINDI: Ramboostan.
ITALIAN: Nefelio.
JAPANESE: Ranbuutan
KHMER: Chle sao mao, Saaw maaw, Ser mon.
KOREAN: Ram bu t'an.
MALAY: Rambutan, Rambutan jantan, Anak sekolah.
RUSSIAN: Rambutan.
SPANISH: Rambután.
THAI: Ngoh, Phruan.
VIETNAMESE: Chômchôm, Vai thiêù.

Rambutan is an evergreen, bushy tree, growing to a height of 20 meters, with a dense, low, round and spreading crown. Leaves are pinnately compound, 15 to 40 centimeters long, with 3 to 8 leaflets. The leaflets are elliptic, 7.5 to 20 centimeters long, and 3.5 to 8 centimeters wide. Flowers are greenish white, fragrant, very small, without petals, and borne on axillary panicles. Fruit is oblong, 4 to 5 centimeters long, red to yellow, covered with thick, coarse hairs or soft spines. Pulp is edible, white, opaque, translucent, juicy and sweet.

- Cultivated in most parts of the Philippines.
- Also reported in India to Indo-China and Malaya, and extensively cultivated in Java and Malaya.

• Seeds yield 40-48 % rambutan tallow. The insoluble fatty acids of the tallow contain about 45 percent oleic acid. The tallow contains abundant arachin, some stearin and olein.
- The seeds have traces of an alkaloid, sugar 1.25%, starch 25%, and ash 2%.
- Flesh or pulp of the fruit yields saccharose 7.8^%, dextrose 2.25%, levulose 1.25%,
- Fruit contains fat 35%, ash 2%, vitamin C 4%.
- The shoots yield saponin.
- The testa of the seed is toxic due to the presence of Nephelium saponin and tannin.
- Methanolic extract of peels isolated ellagic acid (1), corilagin (2), and geraniin (3). The compounds accounted for 69.3% of the ME, with geraniin (56.8%) as the major component. (see study below) (6)
- Seeds were abundant in fats (38.9%); protein and carbohydrates were 12.4% and 48% respectively. Seed oil showed an acid value of 0.37%; iodine value, 37.64%; and saponification value, 157.07. Major fatty acids were oleic acid (40.45%) and arachidic acid (36.36%). AOO (arachidoyl-dioleoylglycerol) was the major triacylglycerol compound of rambutan seed oil (49.84%). (24)
- Analysis for anti-nutrient components yielded saponin, alkaloid, hydrocyanic acid, phenols, oxalate, tannins, phytates on fresh and dried samples of pulp, seeds, and rind. (see study below) (25)
- Analysis showed the seeds to be abundant in fats (38.9%); protein was 12.4% and carbohydrate 48%. Seed oil analysis showed acid value (0.37%), iodine value (37.64%), and saponification value 157.07. Major fatty acids were oleic acid (40.45%) and arachidic acid (36.36%). Triacylglycerol analysis of the seed oil showed AOO (arachidoyl-dioleoylglycerol) as the major compound (49.84%). (29)
- Nutritive analysis analysis of fruit yielded 84 calories per 100 gram serving; fat, 0.1 gram per serving; protein, 0.7-0.9 grams; carbohydrates, 14-14.5 grams.
- Nutrient analysis of seed and seed oil yielded oil content 38.90 ± 0.32%, proteins 12.40 ± 0.22%, carbohydrate 48.10 ± 0.65%, ash 2.26 ± 0.42%, moisture 3.31 ± 0.43%, water activity 0.73 ± 0.001, saponification value 157.07 ± 3.70 SV, iodine value 37.64 ± 0.59, free fatty acid 0.37 ± 0.16. (36)
- Study on mineral content of seed oil in µg/gm yielded Mg 51.01 ± 1.80, Mn 1.62 ± 0.30, Ni 0.24 ± 0.001, Cu 0.83 ± 0.04, Zn 40.61 ± 0.70, Ca 160.31 ± 7.90, Fe 24.77 ± 4.10. (36)

• Fruit is considered astringent, stomachic, vermifuge, febrifuge.
- Seeds reported as bitter and narcotic.
- Studies have shown antioxidant, antibacterial, antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, antiproliferative, biosorbent, antiadipogenesis properties.

Parts utilized:
Roots, leaves and bark.

- Fruits are succulent. (see nutritive analysis above)
- Seeds reportedly roasted and eaten.

- The Malays use a decoction of roots for fevers; the leaves for poulticing, and the bark as astringent for diseases of the tongue.
- Fruit decoction used for diarrhea and dysentery.
- Edible pulp (aril) is used as an refrigerant in fevers.
- In China, fruit is recommended for severe dysentery, and as a warm carminative in "cold" dyspepsia.
- In Malaya, astringent bark is used as remedy for thrush. Decoction of roots taken as febrifuge. source
Oil: Seed used to extract oil.
Wood: Wood is moderately hard to very hard, strong, and tough. Generally resistant to insect attacks. Wood is easy to work with and can be finished well. (48)
Tannin or dyestuff: Young shoots produce a green color on silk that is first dyed yellow with tumeric. Leaves are used, together with mud, to produced an impermanent black dye. (48)
Wax: The seed kernel can be used for the production of tallow, a solid fat similar to cacao butter, which is used for soap and candles. (48)

Antioxidant / Antibacterial: Study yielded high amounts of phenolic compounds in the peel extracts, highest in the methanolic extract, exhibiting higher antioxidant activity than the seed extracts. All peel extracts exhibited antibacterial activity against five pathogenic bacteria. (1)
Phytochemicals / Monoterpene Lactones: Study isolated two new diasteromeric monoterpene lactones 1 and 2. Both underwent antimicrobial testing. (2)
Antioxidant in Rinds: The normally discarded rind was found to have extremely high antioxidant activity. The study of the extract revealed high phenolic content, low pro-oxidant capacity and strong antioxidant activity with cosmetic, nutraceutical and pharmaceutical potentials. (3)
Antiviral / Anti-Herpes: Tested for anti HSV-1 virus activity, N lappaceum significantly affected the development of skin lesions and reduced mortality. (4)
Cancer Chemopreventive / Waste Product / Rind: Study of NL extract showed an antiproliferative effect associated with apoptosis. The extract induced G2/M arrest of HOS indicating inhibition of cell cycle progression as one of the mechanisms. Extract was non-cytotoxic to normal cells at its inhibitory concentration. The study showed a potential for the rind, an underutilized waste product of Nephelium lappaceum.| (5)
Antioxidant in Peels / Elliagitannins: The methanolic extract of NL peels exhibited strong antioxidant properties. Study isolated ellagic acid, corilagin, and geraniin. Geraniin was the major (56.8%) was the major component, and exhibited much greater antioxidant activities than BHT in both lipid peroxidation (77-186 fold) and DPPH (42-87 fold) assays. The ellagitannins, principal components of rambutan peels present as potential for utilization in both food and medical industry. (see constituents above) (6)
Fatty Acid Synthase / Potential Cancer and Obesity Therapeutics: Natural products inhibiting fatty acid synthase are potential therapeutic agents to treat cancer and obesity. Study isolated 10 compounds in NL, including flavonoids and oleane-type triterpene oligoglycosides. Compounds 8 and 9 were hederagenin derivatives. The isolates showed inhibitory activity against FAS. Results suggest the hulls of NL may be a potential source of promising FAS inhibitors. (7)
Anthocyanins / Antioxidant: Anthocyanins, known to possess high antioxidant activity, were extracted from rambutan pericarp tissue. However, the pericarp tissue is usually discarded as waste. Results suggest a potential for extraction of health-beneficial bioactive compounds such as anthocyanins, with potential benefit to the rambutan industry. (8)
Seed and Seed Oil / Physiochemical and Nutritional Composition: Seeds were found abundant in fats (38.(%), protein (12.4%), carbohydrate (48%). Seed oil yielded oleic acid (40.45%) and arachidic acid (36.36%) as major fatty acid. Results showed rambutan seed is a potential source of oil or carbohydrate for the human diet and for food product application. (9)
Geraniin / Anti-Hyperglycemic: Study described rapid isolated of geraniin. In addition to high antioxidant activity and low pro-oxidant capability, geraniin showed in vitro hypoglycemic activity and aldol reductase inhibition activity, and was able to prevent the formation of advanced glycation end-products. Results support the used of a geraniin-standardized N. lappaceum extract for the management of hyperglycemia. (10)
Seed Waste as Source of Fat: Study reported that the seed kernel of rambutan, a product generally considered waste material, can be used as a sustainable source of fats. Seed kernels yield a considerable amount of fat and high arachidic acid that makes the fat highly stable to oxidation, and a potential source of industry fats. (12) (13)
Ellagitannins / Antioxidant: Study isolated ellagitanins (1) ellagic acid (2) corilagin and (3) geraniin. Geraniin was the major component, exhibiting much greater antioxidant activities than BHT in both lipid peroxidation and DPPH assay. Results suggest use of the isolated ellagitannins from the peels for both medicine and food industry.
New Hederagenin Glycoside: A new oleane-type triterpene oligoglycoside, hederagenin 3-O-(3-O-acetyl-i-D-xylopyranosyl)-(13)-h- L-arabinopyranoside, together with four known compounds, was isolated from the hull of Nephelium lappaceum. (14)
Fruit Rind Safety / Cosmetic and Pharmaceutical Potential: Studies have suggested the fruit rind can be considered an easily accessible source of natural antioxidants and antibacterial agent. Study of ethanol extract showed no toxicity in doses up to 5g/kg. Results suggest rambutan rind extract should be safe for use in cosmetic, nutraceutical and pharmaceutical applications. (16)
Anti-Inflammatory / Rind / Collagen-Induced Arthritis: Study evaluated the protective efficacy of an ethanol extract of N. lappaceum rind against collagen-induced arthritis in rats. N. lappaceum rind extract showed significant and dose-dependent suppression of the physiological, biochemical and histopathological changes produced during collagen-induced arthritis in rats. N. lappaceum extract supplementation may be beneficial in preventing the tissue damage and inflammatory conditions in arthritis. (17)
Thermal Properties of Monoglycerides / Natural Source of Saturated and Monosaturated Fatty Acids: Paper studied the transformations of reserve lipids of species of Nephelium lappaceum, exploring the transition from native triglycerides to pure monglycerides. Results suggest useful applications in food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industries. (18)
Hepatoprotective / Rind: Study evaluated the protective effect of a rind extract on paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicities in mice. Results showed a hepatoprotective effect through improvement of GSH content. (19)
Antibacterial / Rind: Study evaluated the antibacterial activity of rambutan rinds and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) against pathogenic bacteria. Results showed crude extracts to have a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity , with greatest inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus aureus. (20)
Antidiabetic / Seed Infusion: Study evaluated the effect of rambutan seed infusion on blood sugar levels and body weight of mice with alloxan-induced diabetes. Results showed significant reduction in blood glucose and body weight of mice. The effect was comparable to glibenclamide.(21)
Antiproliferative / Breast, Cervical and Osteosarcoma Cancer Cell Lines: A methanolic yellow NLPE showed most potent cytotoxic activity against several tested cancerous cell line. The yellow NLPE may represent an experimental therapeutic approach for breast cancer treatment. (22)
Biocoagulant / Seed / Turbidity Removal: Study evaluated the ability of coagulation performance of rambutan seed in comparison to alum for potential use in turbidity removal in water and wastewater treatment industry. 1 M NaCl was an effective solvent for extracting the active coagulant agent in rambutan seed, with about 99 % turbidity removal. Results suggest a potential for using rambutan biomass as biocoagulant. (23)
Seed and Seed Oil Composition: Study showed rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) seed is a potential source of oil or carbohydrate for the human diet and also for food product application. (See constituents above) (24)
Anti-Nutrient Contents / Pulp, Seeds and Rind: Study for anti-nutrient content of pulp, seeds, and rind of N. lappaceum yielded saponin, alkaloid, hydrocyanic acid, phenols, oxalate, tannins, phytates. The anti-nutrient constituents were in small insignificant amounts in all parts of the fruit. Flavonoids, alkaloids, tannin, and phenol were significantly high in the rind while phytate and oxalate were significantly high in the seeds. (25)
Antibacterial / Seeds: Study evaluated the antibacterial activity of aqueous seed extracts of Nephelium lappaceum and Litchi chinensis. Both extracts showed moderate inhibition against pathogenic bacteria viz. gram positive ( Staphylococcus aureus, S. pyogenes and Bacillus subtilis) and gram negative (E. coli, P. aeruginosa) bacteria. (26)
Acute and Subchronic Toxicity Studies / Rind: Study evaluated the safety of rambutan rind extract in male Wistar rats. In acute toxicity study, the LD50 was found to be greater than 5000 mg/kg of RRE. In sub-chronic toxicity study, no mortality or sign of toxicity was found up to 1000 mg/kg/day of RRE. (27)
Polyphenol Oxidase / Peel: Polyphenol oxidase is a common copper containing enzyme responsible for melanization in animals and browning in plants. Among the most effective inhibitor for the enzyme with 10mM catechol as substrate was ascorbic acid. (28)
Seed and Seed Oil: Study analyzed the physiochemical and nutritional composition of seeds of Nephelium lappaceum. Results suggest rambutan seed has the potential as a source of oil or carbohydrate for the human diet and food application. (see constituents above) (29)
Inhibitory Potential on Adipogenesis / Seeds: Study evaluated the phytochemical content and inhibitory potential
of rambutan seeds extract and fractions on glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), α-glucosidase, and triglyceride activities ex vivo in 3T3-L1 cell line (pre-adipocytes) for antidiabetic and antidiapogenesis agent screening. Results showed the seed extract and hexane fraction to possess inhibitory potential on G6PDH and α-glucosidase as well as TG level. (30)
Cocoa Butter Substitute / Seed Fat: Study is an overview of the compositional data of Nephelium lappaceum and rambutan seed fat for usage in chocolate product. Study suggests rambutan seed fat can be used as substitute in cocoa butter chocolate products. The extracted fat from the seed can be used for manufacturing candles, soaps, and fuels; also, as a possible source of natural edible fat. (32)
• Antioxidant from Peel Waste: Study reports on the extraction of one of its bioactive compounds, geraniin, a polyphenol compound from the rambutan peel (red or yellow). The highest total phenolic content was found in red rambutan variety at 1:15 g/mL ratio. On antioxidant evaluation, FRAP ranged from 3800.25 ± 86.49 to 4115.5 ± 88.41 (µmol Fe2+/g DW), flavonoid 6.41 ± 0.48 to 8.57 ± 0.35 (mg Quercetin/g DW) and total phenolic recovery of 297.78 ± 4.06 to 358.42 ± 4.63 (mg GAE/g DW). (34)
• Rambutan Peel Fiber: Study evaluated the potential of rambutan peel as a source of lignocellulose for technological applications. The abundant, renewable, and low-cost biomass proved to be a good source of lignocellulosic material for commercial applications, for example, in bionanocomposites. (35)
• Antioxidant / Stabilization of Sunflower Oil / Peels: Study showed the extract of peels can be used as alternative source of antioxidants for stabilization of sunflower oil. Rambutan extract showed to be a potential source of antioxidant in the oil industry or other fat-based products to delay lipid peroxidation. (37)
• Rambutan Honey / Acute Toxicity Study: Rambutan honey is honey obtained from rambutan flowers nectar used in traditional medicine for oral mucosal wounds. Acute oral toxicity study at various doses from 625 to 5000 mg/kg showed the honey to be safe and practically non-toxic in male and female Swiss Webster mice. (38)
• Biosorbent / Methylene Blue / Peel: Study evaluated use of rambutan skin for the removal of methylene blue (MB) dye from water sample. Results showed rambutan skin could be an alternative low-cost biosorbent for the removal of cationic dye from textile industrial effluent. (39)
• Antidiabetic / Antihypercholesterolemic / Fruit Peels: Study evaluated the antidiabetc and antihypercholesterolemic activities of rambutan (N. lappaceum) and durian (Durio zibethinus) fruit peel extracts in high-fat diet fed and alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Rambutan fruit peels showed a higher percentage of reduction in blood glucose and cholesterol values with 61.76 ± 4.26% and 60.75 ± 8.26%, respectively. (40)
• Effect on Lipid Peroxidation and Accumulation in Liver: Study evaluated the effect of rambutan peel extract on lipid peroxidation and accumulation in the liver of obese male Wistar rats through parameters of MDA expression and PPARy expression. Results showed significant decrease in MDA levels with not significant down-regulation of PPARy expression. (41)
• Antiradical Activities / Peels: Study evaluated the antiradical activities of methanolic extract and its fractions of rambutan peel from two cultivars. The ME and fractions of the two cultivars exhibited strong DPPH antiradical activities. The antiradical activities correlated with phenolics and flavonoid contents with R2 values of 0.0271 and 0,1122, respectively. (42)
• Analgesic / Anti-Inflammatory / CNS-Depressant / Antidiarrheal / Seeds: Study of methanolic extract of seeds showed potent (51.27%) activity against acetic acid induced pain in mice, compared to 58.86% inhibition by indomethacin. The ME extract showed significant inhibition o(p<0.05) inhibition of carrageenan induced paw edema. On evaluation for CNS depressant activity using hole cross and open field tests, there was maximum 88.09% and 85.94% suppression of locomotor activity. On anti-diarrheal testing, the ME exhibited significant inhibition of fecal dropping in castor oil-induced diarrhea in mice, 53.46% and p<0.001 compared to loperamide at 56.43% inhibition of defecation. (43)
• Invention / Cosmetic Application / Increase Firmness of Skin and Mucous Membranes: Invention relates to the use of various extracts of N. lappaceum to increase the firmness and / or elasticity of the skin and / or mucous membranes by increasing the gene expression and / or protein of type 1 collagen or fibrillin 1 in the skin and mucous membranes.(44)
• Hypoglycemic / Antioxidant / Seeds: Study evaluated the antioxidant and hypoglycemic activities of Hephelium lappaceum seed extract and fractions. The seed extract and fractions showed high superoxide dismutase (SOD) antioxidant value but low DPPH scavenging activity. The extract showed hypoglycemic effect with the NLS showing highest activity as an α-glucosidase inhibitor. (45)
• Hypoglycemic / Decrease Body Weight / Leaves: Study evaluated ethanol extract of N. lappaceum leaves for anti-diabetes and anti-obesity properties in obese and insulin resistant animals. Parameters measured were body weight, food index, feces index, and blood glucose levels. Results showed the rambutan leaf ethanol extract decreased body weight and blood glucose levels in rats. (46)
• Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Polyphenolic Compounds / Husk: Study reported on the ultrasound-assisted extraction and recovery of antioxidant polyphenolic compounds from the husk. The Mexican variety husk is an important source of polyphenolic compounds with antioxidant activity with potential application for the treatment and prevention of diseases related to cancer and pathogenic microorganisms. (47)
• Seed Flour Produced by Fat Extraction: Seeds are waste byproduct from fresh consumption to fruit canning industry. The seed waste contains high amounts of fat (14-41%) and carbohydrate (28-46%). This study sought to produce flour from rambutan seeds by fat extraction with SC-CO2. Defatted rambutan seed flour contained high protein and carbohydrate, similar to all purpose wheat flour. Oral toxicity study showed the flour to be safe for consumption. Results suggest the defatted rambutan seed flour could potentially be used as a food ingredients in development of confectionery products. (49)
• Antibacterial to MRSA / Peel: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the most common bacteria causing nosocomial infections with high levels of resistance to available antibiotics. Study evaluated the antibacterial activity, MIC and MBC using agar diffusion method. The activity strength of tetracycline against the extract was 1:50. Results suggest rambutan Binjai peel extract had great potency as antibacterial agent to MRSA. (50)

- Cultivated.

Updated November 2019 / May 2017 / July 2015

Photos © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Nephelium lappaceum L. extracts / Nont Thitilertdecha et al / Food Science and Technology .Volume 41, Issue 10, December 2008, Pages 2029-2035 / doi:10.1016/j.lwt.2008.01.017
Monoterpene lactones from the seeds of Nephelium lappaceum / Consolacion Ragasa et al / Journal of natural products / 2005; 68(9): pp1394-1396 / DOI: 10.1021/np0580053
Rind of the rambutan, Nephelium lappaceum, a potential source of natural antioxidants / Uma Palanisamy et al / Food Chemistry • Volume 109, Issue 1, 1 July 2008, Pages 54-63 / doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.12.018
Inhibitory effects of indonesian medicinal plants on the infection of herpes simplex virus type 1
PTR. Phytotherapy research ISSN 0951-418X / 1999, vol. 13, no1, pp. 37-41
Promising Effect of Nephelium lappaceum Rind Extract as Cancer Chemopreventive Agent Through Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest Mechanisms on Human Osteosarcoma Cells / W S Wan Nur Hidayati, A W Roidhwan, S Azman / UMTAS 2011
Identification of Major Phenolic Compounds from Nephelium lappaceum L. and Their Antioxidant Activities / Nont Thitilertdecha, Aphiwat Teerawutguirag et al / Molecules, 2010; 15(3): pp 1453-14645 / DOI: 10.3390/molecules15031453

Fatty acid synthase inhibitors from the hulls of Nephelium lappaceum L. / Zhao Y X, Liang W J, Fan H J et al / Carbohydr Res. 2011 Aug 16;346(11):1302-6. Epub 2011 Apr 28.
/ Jian Sun, Hongxiang Peng, Weiqiang Su et al / Journal of Food Biochemistry, Vol 35, No 5, Pp 1461–1467, October 2011 / DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-4514.2010.00467.x
Physicochemical and Nutritional Composition of Rambutan Anak Sekolah (Nephelium lappaceum L.) Seed and Seed Oil / Serida Nauli Harahap, Nazaruddin Ramli, Nazanin Vafaei and Mamot Said / Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 10 (x): xx-xx, 2011
Rapid isolation of geraniin from Nepheliumlappaceum rind waste and its anti-hyperglycemic activity
/ Uma D Palanisamy, Lai Teng Ling et al / Food Chemistry, Volume 127, Issue 1, 1 July 2011, Pages 21–27
Identification of Major Phenolic Compounds from Nephelium lappaceum L. and Their Antioxidant Activities / sNont Thitilertdecha, Aphiwat Teerawutgulrag, Jeremy D. Kilburn and Nuansri Rakariyatham / Molecules 2010, 15, 1453-1465; doi:10.3390/molecules15031453
Seed waste may be source of new fats: Study / Food Navigator
Response surface optimization and characteristics of rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) kernel fat by hexane extraction / Wanrada Sirisompong, Wannee Jirapakkul, Utai Klinkesorn / LWT - Food Science and Technology, Volume 44, Issue 9, November 2011, Pages 1946–1951
A NEW HEDERAGENIN GLYCOSIDE FROM Nephelium lappaceum / Wen-Juan Liang, Qing-Yun Ma, He-Zhong Jiang, Jun Zhou, Jie Pang, and You-Xing Zhao / Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. 47, No. 6, January, 2012
Sorting Nephelium names / Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne.
Acute toxicity study of the crude extract of the fruit rind of rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) in male Wistar rats / A Thinkratok, R Srisawat / Planta Med 2010; 76 - P630 / DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1264928
Protective effects of Nephelium lappaceum rind extract against collagen-induced arthritis in Dark Agouti rats / Kumar, Shashi, Chakravarthi, Srikumar, Gan Seng, Chiew, Subramaniam, Thavamanithevi, Palanisamy, Umadevi, Radhakrishnan, Ammu, and Haleagrahara, Nagaraja (2012)Journal of Biological Sciences, 12 (7). pp. 385-392 / DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2012.385.392
Thermal Properties of Monoglycerides from Nephelium Lappaceum L. Oil, as a Natural Source of Saturated and Monounsaturated Fatty Acids / Valentin Romain, Adolphe Christian Ngakegni-Limbili, , Zéphirin Mouloungui *, and Jean-Maurille Ouamba / Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., August 25, 2013 / DOI: 10.1021/ie401875v
Analysis of antibacterial activity and total phenolics content of rambutan (Nephelium Lappaceum Linn.) rinds / Melfei E. Bungihan / Saint Mary's University Research Center
The Effect of Rambutan Seed (Nephelium lappaceum L.) Infusion on Blood Glucose and Pancreas Histology of Mice Induced with Alloxan / LESTARI RAHAYU*, LATIF ZAKIR, SESILIA ANDRIANI KEBAN / JURNAL ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA, April 2013, hlm. 28-35
Preliminary Study on Anti-proliferative Activity of Methanolic Extract of Nephelium lappaceum Peels towards Breast (MDA-MB-231), Cervical (HeLa) and Osteosarcoma (MG-63) Cancer Cell Lines / Khaizil Emylia Z, Nik Aina SNZ, Mohd Dasuki S* / Health and the Environment Journal, 2013, Vol 4, No. 2, pp 66-79
Preliminary Study of Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) Seed as Potential Biocoagulant for Turbidity Removal / Abidin Zainal Zurina et al / 2014, Advanced Materials Research, 917, 96
Physicochemical and Nutritional Composition of Rambutan Anak Sekolah (Nephelium lappaceum L.) Seed and Seed Oil / Harahap, Serida Nauli; Ramli, Nazaruddin; Vafaei, Nazanin; Said, Mamot / Pakistan Journal of Nutrition; Jun 2012, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p1073
Comparative anti-nutrients assessment of pulp, seed and rind of rambutan (Nephelium Lappaceum) / Fila W. O., Johnson J. T., Edem P. N., Odey M. O., Ekam V. S., Ujong U. P. and 1Eteng O.E. / Annals of Biological Research, 2012, 3 (11):5151-5156
Antimicrobial activity of Litchi chinensis and Nephelium lappaceum aqueous seed extracts against some pathogenic bacterial strains / Ramesa Shafi Bhat, Sooad Al-daihan/ / Journal of King Saud University - Science, Volume 26, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages 79–82
Safety Assessment of Hydroethanolic Rambutan Rind Extract: Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicity Studies / Aree Thinkratok, Parin Suwannaprapha & Rungrudee Srisawat / Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol 52, Oct 2014, pp 989-995.
Biochemical Studies on the Characters of Polyphenol Oxidase from Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) Peel / A.M.T. Emdadul Haque, S. Al-Jassabi, Ali Saad and Satyakeerthy / Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 21 (4): 623-627, 2014 / DOI: 10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2014.21.04.82430
Physicochemical and Nutritional Composition of Rambutan Anak Sekolah (Nephelium lappaceum L.) Seed and Seed Oil / Harahap, Serida Nauli; Ramli, Nazaruddin; Vafaei, Nazanin; Said, Mamot / Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, Jun2012, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p1073
Inhibitory potential of rambutan seeds extract and fractions on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cell line / Sylvia Soeng, Endang Evacuasiany, Wahyu Widowati, Nurul Fauziah, Visi Tinta Manik, Maesaroh Maesaroh. / J Exp Integr Med. 2015; 5(1): 55-60 / doi: 10.5455/jeim.200115.or.120
Thermal Properties of Monoglycerides from Nephelium Lappaceum L. Oil, as a Natural Source of Saturated and Monounsaturated Fatty Acids / Valentin Romain, Adolphe Christian Ngakegni-Limbili, Zéphirin Mouloungui, and Jean-Maurille Ouamba / nd. Eng. Chem. Res., 2013, 52 (39), pp 14089–14098 /
DOI: 10.1021/ie401875v
Rambutan seed fat as a potential source of cocoa butter substitute in confectionary product / Issara, U., Zzaman, W. and *Yang, T.A. / International Food Research Journal 21(1): 25-31 (2014)
Nephelium lappaceum / Synonys / The Plant List
Characterization of the Rambutan Peel Fiber (Nephelium lappaceum) as a Lignocellulosic Material for Technological Applications / Emanoel I. S. Oliveira*, Jean B. Santos, Ana Paula B. Gonçalves, Silvana Mattedi, Nadia M. José / CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS , Vol 50, 2016 / DOI: 10.3303/CET1650066
Physicochemical and Nutritional Composition of Rambutan Anak Sekolah (Nephelium lappaceum L.) Seed and Seed Oil / Serida Nauli Harahap, Nazaruddin Ramli, Nazanin Vafaei and Mamot Said / Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 10 (x): xx-xx, 2011
The Effectiveness of Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) Extract in Stabilization of Sunflower Oil under Accelerated Conditions / Winne Sia Chiaw Mei, Amin Ismail, Norhaizan Mohd. Esa, Gabriel Akyirem Akowuah, Ho Chun Wai and Yim Hip Seng / Antioxidants, June 2014, 3(2): pp 371-386 / doi:10.3390/antiox3020371 / PMID: 26784877 / PMCID: PMC4665487
Effect of Rambutan Honey (Nephelium lappaceum) Acute Administration on Mortality, Body Weight, Toxicity Symptoms and Relative Organ Weight of Swiss Websters Mice / Euis Reni Yuslianti, Boy M. Bachtiar, Dewi F. Suniarti and Afifah B. Sutjiatmo / Research Journal of Toxins, 2016, Vol 8, Issue 1, pp 1-7 / DOI: 10.3923/rjt.2016.1.7
Parametric and Adsorption Kinetic Studies of Methylene Blue Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Bornean Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) Skin / D. Krishnaiah, C. G. Joseph, Y. H. Taufiq-Yap, S. M. Anisuzzaman and C. F. Chin / Malaysian Journal of Chemistry Vol. 16, 2014
Antidiabetic and Antihypercholesterolemia Activities of Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) and Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.) Fruit Peel Extracts / M. Muhtadi, H. Haryoto, Tanti Azizah Sujono, Andi Suhendi / J App Pharm Sci. 2016; 6(4): 190-194 / doi: 10.7324/JAPS.2016.60427
THE EFFECT OF RAMBUTAN (Nephelium lappaceum L.) PEEL EXTRACT ON LIPID PEROXIDATION IN LIVER OF OBESE RATS / Setyawati Arie, Dewi Arifia Kusuma, Fitri Atho’illah Mochammad, Lestari Umie, and Lestari Sri Rahayu / DOI: 10.18502/kls.v2i1.167
Antiradical Activities of Rambutan Peel: Study from Two Cultivars / Abdul Rohman, Sugeng Riyanto, Mistriyani Shuhaira and Agung Endro Nugroho / Research Journal of Phytochemistry, 2017; 11(1): pp 42-47 / DOI: 10.3923/rjphyto.2017.42.47
EVALUATION OF PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF NEPHELIUM LAPPACEUM L. SEEDS / Mahmud Tareq Ibn Morshed, Pritesh Ranjan Dash, Farhana Alam Ripa, Tahira Foyzun  and Mohammad Shawkat Ali  / International Joournal of Pharmacognosy, 2015 / DOI: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.IJP
Use of a nephelium lappaceum extract to increase the firm of skin and / or mucous membranes / FR3065876A1 / France
Antioxidant and hypoglycemic activities of extract and fractions of Rambutan seeds (Nephelium lappaceum L.) / Sylvia Soeng, Endang Evacuasiany, Wahyu Widowati, Nurul Fauziah / Jurnal Internasional Biomedical Engineering, 2014; 1(1)
THE INFLUENCE OF ETHANOL EXTRACTS OF RAMBUTAN LEAVES (NEPHELIUM LAPPACEUM L.) AGAINST OBESITY AND INSULIN RESISTANCE IN RATS /  E. Susilawati, I. K. Sukmawati, Noranisa, N. S. Hayati and W. Aligita / International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 2018 / 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.10(8).3684-90
Ultrasound-assisted extraction of antioxidant polyphenolic compounds from Nephelium lappaceum L. (Mexican variety) husk / Adriana Mendez Flores, Averim Hernandez Almanza et al / Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2018; 11(12): pp 676-681 / DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.248339
Nephelium lappaceum / WorldAgroForestry
Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) Seed Flour Prepared by Fat Extraction of Rambutan Seeds with SC-CO2 / Jirawat Eiamwat, Sorada Wanlapa, Tuanta Sematong, Sareeya Reungpatthanapong, Wimolsri Phanthanapatet, Nantaprecha Hankhuntod, Sukit Kampruengdet / The International Conference on Herbal and Traditional Medicine (HTM 2015)
In vitro Activity of Rambutan Binjai (Nephelium lappaceum) Peel Extract from Indonesia to Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) / Tina Rostinawati, Ami Tjitraresmi, Myra Vania Wisnuputri / Dhaka University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2018; 17(2) / DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3329/dujps.v17i2.39176
Rambutan Fruit Smoothie / The Spruce Eats

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT