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Family Rubiaceae
Hedyotis verticillata (Linn.) Lam.


Scientific names Common names
Hedyotis hispida Retz. Boñgat (Mbo.)
Hedyotis verticillata (Linn.) Lamk Basiñgau (Ilk.)
Hedyotis wallichii Walp. Manaal (Sub.)
Oldenlandia hispida (Retz.) Lam. Salasik-lupa (Tag.)
Oldenlandia verticillata Linn. Shrubby false buttonweed (Engl.)
Scleromitrion hispidum (Retz.) Korth.  
Hedyotis verticillata is a synonyms of Oldenlandia verticillata L. The Plant List
Oldenlandia verticillata L. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Cu ye er cao.
MALAYSIA: Rumput sebueh, Rumput chengkering, Lidah tiong.
THAILAND: Tong haeng hin.
VIETNAM: An di[eeef]n v[of]ng.

Salasik-lupa is a spreading, diffuse, branched herb, with branches 15 to 45 centimeters long. Leaves are stalkless, rough, rigid, slender, elliptic- or linear-lanceolate, 3.5 to 6 centimeters long, 2 to 5 millimeters wide, and pointed at both ends. Flowers are borne in clusters in the axils of the leaves. Calyx-teeth are triangular. Capsules are smooth, ovoid, and 2.5 to 3 millimeters long.

- In open places, old clearings, and thickets at low altitudes, from northern Luzon to Mindanao, in most islands and provinces.
- Also occurs in India to southern China and Malaya.

- Leaves have yielded kaempferitin, the 3,7-dirhamnoside of kaempferol.

Parts used
Whole plant.


- Plant used for making poultices; applied for headaches; in small children applied to abdomen for stomachaches.
- Decoction of plants drunk for dysentery.

Antioxidant / NO Inhibitory Activity:
In a study of the methanol extracts of seven Malaysian medicinal plants, including Hedyotis verticillata, all showed strong antioxidant activity comparable to or higher than a-tocopherol, BHT and quercetin in the FTC and TBA methods. In one assay, H verticillata was one of five that showed strong NO activity inhibition in LPA and IFN-g-induced RAW 264. (1)
• Phytotoxicity of Allelochemical 2,4-Di-Tert-Butylphenol: The allelochemical 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol (2,4-DTBP) is a natural compound found in medicinal plants and has been reported to possess herbicidal properties. Thhe compound was tested on the root and leaf tissues of grassy weed, L. chinensis and broadleaf weed, Hedyotis verticillata. Results showed 2,4-DTBP could be used as a natural herbicide for control of H. verticillata and L. chinensis. (4)


Updated October 2018 / April 2014

IMAGE SOURCE: Hedyotis verticillata - Shrubby False Buttonweed / Nature Love You / © www.NatureLoveYou.sg / Click on link to see source page and other photos of H. verticillata / Nature Love You

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Evaluation of antioxidant and nitric oxide inhibitory activities of selected Malaysian medicinal plants / K Saha, N H Lajis, D A Israf et al /
Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol 92, No 2-3, June 2004, Pages 263-267 / doi:10.1016/j.jep.2004.03.007
Kaempferitrin from the leaves of Hedyotis verticillata and its biological activity / Hamzah, A.S., Lajis, N.H., Sargent, M.V. / Planta Med.- Journal of Medicinal Plant Research, 1994; 60(4): pp 388-389
Hedyotis verticillata (L.) Lamk / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED
Phytotoxic activity of the allelochemical, 2,4-Di-Tert-butylphenol on two selected weed species / T S Chuah, M Z Norhafizah, A H Naimah, B S Ismail / Universiti Kebagsaan Malaysia / Sains Malaysiana, 2016; 45(6): pp 963-967
Oldenlandia verticillata L. / Synonyms / The Plant List

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