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Family Rubiaceae
Santan-puti
Ixora finlaysoniana Linn.
WHITE IXORA

Scientific names Common names
Ixora finlaysoniana Wall. ex G. Don Santan-puti (Tag.) 
Ixora fragrans Linn. Fragrant ixora (Engl.) 
  White ixora (Engl.) 

Gen info
There are about 500 species in the genus Ixora. A few are in cultivation. There are numerous cultivars difffering in flower color (yellow, pink, orange) and plant size. Several cultivars are dwarfs, under 3 ft. Other noteworthy ornamental santans: santan puti (Ixora finlaysoniana Wall), a shrub 2-4 m high, with white fragrant flowers; and Philippine santan (Ixora philippinensis Merr), a shrub or small tree, with white to pink flowers.



Botany
Santan-puti is a shurb or small tree, growing up to 5 meters high. Leaves are oblong-lanceolate, with tapered and pointed tips. Blade is dark green and glossy. Flowers are many and in dense clusters, white and fragrant.

Distribution
- Cultivated for ornamental purposes.
- Introduced to the Philippines during the American period.
- Probably native to Thailand.


Uses
Folkloric
No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.

Studies
Antigestagenic: Oral administration of a crude ethanolic extract of aerial parts of Ixora finlaysoniana to female rats on post-coital days 1-5 or 1-7 prevented pregnancy in 100% of cases. The extract at its contraceptive dose exerts a differential estrogenic response at the fallopian tube and uterine levels, also causing slight asynchrony in development and tubal transport rate, with anti-implantation and post-implantation resorptive actions not mediated via altered ovarian function.

Availability
Wild-crafted.
Cultivated.


March 2012


IMAGE SOURCE: Ixora finlaysoniana specimen in the Jardin Botanique de Lyon, Parc de la TĂȘte d'Or, Lyon, France. / Archivo:Ixora finlaysoniana - Jardin Botanique de Lyon - DSC05403.JPG / Daderot / 26 de Abril de 2011 / Public Domain / , Wikipedia

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Antigestagenic activity of Ixora finlaysoniana in rat.
/ Singh MM, Chowdhury SR, Kulshreshtha DK, Kamboj VP / Contraception. 1993 Aug;48(2):178-91.


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