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Family Annonaceae
Talimughat taas
Friesodielsia lanceolata (Merr.) Steen.

Scientific names Common names
Friesodielsia lanceolata (Merr.) Steen.          Talimughat taas (Tagalog)
Oxymitra lanceolata Merr.         
Friesodielsia lanceolata (Merr.) Steenis is an accepted species. KEW: Plants of the World Online

Gen info
- Friesodielsia is a genus of flowering plants in the custard apple and soursop family Annonaceae, with all species found in the Old World, mostly in the tropics. A molecular study shows the genus should be more narrowly circumscribed, with the only species remaining being the Asian ones, distinguished by globose or ellipsoid monocarps, and six petals per flower arranged in two whorls. (2)
- Etymology: The specific epithet lanceolata derives from Latin words, lancea meaning "lance, spear", olus meaning "diminutive", and -atus meaning "possessive of or likeness of", referring to likeness of its shape to a small lance.
- Leonardo L Co's compilation lists 12 species of Friesodielsia in the Philippines: Friesodielsia auriculata, F. bakeri, F. lagunensis, F. lanceolata, F. longiflora, F. mindorensis, F. obtusifolia, F. oligophlebia, F. paucinervis, F. philippinensis, F. platyphylla, F. pubescens. All are endemic. Possibly present is Friesodielsia glauca.

• Friesodielsia lanceolata is a woody climber, 5m high. Leaves lanceolate to oblonglanceolate, 11–18 3–4 cm, looped venation, glaucous adaxial and papery, white abaxial with simple hairs, raised the main vein, apex attenuates and base subcordate, 12–18 pairs of lateral veins. Flower solitary, three outer petals elongate 3cm, longer than inner petals 1 cm. Three inner petals apically connivent forming a pollination chamber with three apertures. Fruit yellow, monocarp stipe 6cm, globose 2.8 cm with simple hair, stipitate 0.6 cm long. Seed one per monocarp. (4)

• Friesodielsia in Asia differs from African genus by having elongated flowers with short inner petals, apically connivent forming pollination chamber. The African genus has broader flowers and loosely coherent inner petals. (Gou et al. 2017) (4)

- Native to the Philippines.
- Endemic.
- In lowland and medium elevation forests.

No studies found.

Parts used
Bark, leaves, roots.


- The Agusan Manobo in Agusan del Sur, Philippines, use decoction of bark, leaves, and roots for treatment of muscle pain, facilitation of labor and deliver, post-partum care and delivery, back aches, body aches, weakness, fatigue, cramps, spasm, and relapse. (3)

No studies found.


January 2024

                                                 PHOTOS / ILLUSTRATIONS
IMAGE SOURCE: Annonaceae : Friesodielsia lanceolata / Flower / Copyright © 2022 by Anne Retuerna-Dioneda (contact: pieter.pelser@canterbury.ac.nz) [ref. DOL206236] / Non-Commercial Use / Image modified / click on image or link to go to source page / Phytoimages.siu.ed

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Friesodielsia lanceolata / KEW: Plants of the World Online
Friesodielsia / Wikipedia

Quantitative ethnopharmacological documentation and molecular confirmation of medicinal plants used by the Manobo tribe of Agusan del Sur, Philippines / Mark Lloyd G Dapar, Grecebio Jonathan D Alejandro, Ulrich Meve, Sigrid Liede-Schumann / Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2020; 16(14) /
DOI: 10.1186/s13002-020-00363-7
Inventory of Annonaceae in Abasig-Matogdon-Mananap Natural Biotic Area, Camarines Norte, Bicol, Philippines / Anne Retuerma-Dioneda, Grecebio Jonathan D Alejandro / BIODIVERSITAS, 2022; 23(4): pp 2213-2224 / DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d230457 / pISSN: 1412-033X / eISSN: 2085-4722
Friesodielsia Steenis: Annonaceae / Edited by Pieter B. Pelser / Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants
                                          New plant names needed
The compilation now numbers over 1,300 medicinal plants. While I believe there are hundreds more that can be added to the collection, they are becoming more difficult to find. If you have a plant to suggest for inclusion, native or introduced, please email the info: scientific name (most helpful), local plant name (if known), any known folkloric medicinal use, and, if possible, a photo. Your help will be greatly appreciated.

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