Common name might have
been taken from the title of a novel by American writer Edgar Rice Burroughs,
Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar. source
Another makes a reference to the ancient African city from which frankincense
and gold were hauled by caravan to Solomon's treasure. source
Fleshy, erect herb, growing
to 50 cm. Leaves are in whorls, obovate-lanceolate, flat, glossy and
bright green. Flowers are in terminal panicles, small and pink colored.
A garden plant or hedge.
In some places, has escaped the gardens to become weeds.
Root has saponin, steroid
and essential oil.
Parts used and preparation
Leaves and roots.
Search has failed to show
any folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
Elsewhere, used as tonic, to regulate menses, for cough, general debility, diarrhea.
In China, it is cultivated as a medicinal
In Indonesia, used for liver and kidney
Leaves are edible.
In some parts of Asia, used as a spice.
• Octacosanol : Octacosanol has been isolated
from the roots of Talinum paniculatum. Octacosanol is being investigated in humans for use
as an antiviral for herpes and for the treatment of inflammatory skin
diseases. It may be helpful with Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, heart disease and cholesterol reduction.
• Constituents: From the roots, study yielded a mixed compound of 1-hexacosanol, 1-octacosanol and 1-triacontanol, its acetate, and a mixed compound of campesterol, stigmasterol, and B-sitosteryl-B-D-glucoside.