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Family Sapotaceae
Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni


Scientifric names  Common names
Lucuma campechiana Kunth Tiesa (Tag.)
Lucuma elongata (C.F.Gaertn.) Steud. Talang (Pamp.)
Lucuma glabrifolia Pittier Boracho (Span.) 
Lucuma heyderi Standl. Canistel fruit (Engl.)
Lucuma inseparabilis Dubard Chesa (Engl.)
Lucuma laeteviridis Pittier Eggfruit (Engl.) 
Lucuma nervosa A. DC. Yellow sapote (Engl.)
Lucuma palmeri Fernald  
Lucuma salicifolia Kunth  
Lucuma sphaerocarpa DC.  
Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni  
Pouteria elongata (C.F.Gaertn.) Baehni  
Pouteria glabrifolia (Pittier) Lundell  
Pouteria mante Lundell  
Radlkoferella glabrifolia (Pittier) Aubrév  
Richardella campechiana (Kunth) Pierre  
Richardella nervosa (A.DC) Pierre  
Richardella salicifolia (Kunth) Pierre  
Sapota elongata C.F.Gaertn  
Sideroxylon campestre Brandegee  
Vitellaria campechiana (Kunth) Engl.  
Vitellaria nervosa (A.DC.) Radlk.  
Vitellaria salicifolia (Kunth) Engl.  
Vitellaria sphaerocarpa (A.DC.) Radlk.  
Vitellaria tenuifolia Engl.  
Xantolis palmeri (Fernald) Baehni  
Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CZECH : Sapota žlutá.
DUTCH: Canistel.
FRENCH: Jaune D'oeuf
GERMAN : Gelbe Sapote.
INDONESIAN: Sawo mentega.
JAPANESE: Kanisuteru.
SPANISH : Atzapotl (fruit), Atzapolquahuitl (tree), Caca de niño, Cakixo, Canistel, Canizte, Costiczapotl, Cucumu, Custiczapotl, Fruta de huevo, Hantzé, Huevo vegetal, Huicon, Huicumo, Kanis, Kaniste, Kanixte, Kanizte, Kantez, Limoncillo, Mamey cerera, Mamey cerilla, Mamee ciruela, Mamey de Campechi, Mamey de Cartagena, Mammee sapota, Palo huicon, Sapote amarillo, Siguapa, Zapote amarilla, Zapote amarillo, Zapote de niño, Zapote borracho, Zapote mante, Zubul; guaicume, guicume, Zapotillo, Zapotillo amarillo, Zapotillo de montana, Zapote de niño.
THAI: Lamud, Lamut kaymon, Lamut khamen, Khe maa, To maa.
VIETNAMESE : Trái trứng gà.

Tiesa is an erect tree growing to a height of 15 to 20 meters. Leaves are alternative, smooth, dark green, elliptic to narrow-obovate with entire margins. Flowers are greenish white, in axillary clusters. Pedicels are long. Fruit is extremely variable in size and form, oval, subglobose, pear-shaped or spindle-shaped, with or without an pointed apex or curved beak, yellow-orange when ripe with an edible sweet and meatpulp.

- Indigenous to South America.
- Introduced to the Philippines during the Spanish times.
- Cultivated for its edible fruit and as shade tree.

- Phytochemical screening of seeds yielded leucoanthocyanins, hydrolyzable tannins, saponins and glycoside. (8)
- Food value per 100 g of edible portion: Calories, 138.8; protein, 1.68 g; fat, 0.13 g; carbohydrates, 36.69 g, calcium, 26.5 mg; calcium, 26.5 mg; iron, 0.92 mg; thiamine, 0.17 mg, riboflavin, 0.01 mg, niacin, 3.72 mg, ascorbic acid, 58.1 mg; amino acids, tryptophan 28 mg, methionine 13 mg, lysine 84 mg.
- Ethyl acetate extract of leaves yielded six stilbenes and six flavonoid glycosides. (See study below) (2)
- In a study of seeds, pulp, and peel, a 70%n ethanol extract from peel showed highest total phenolic content (2304.7 mg gallic acid equivalent/100 g dw) while the pulp showed highest total flavonoid content (6414.03 mg rutin equivalent/100 g dw). (see study below) (10)
- Study ethanolic leaf and seed extracts yielded six compounds: protocatechuic acid (1), gallic acid (2), quercetin (3), myricetin (4), myricetin-3-O-α-L-rhamnoside (5) and myricetin-3-O-β-galactoside (6). (see study below) (13)
- Nutrient analysis of fruit (per 100 g) yielded: energy value 580-630 kJ, water 57.2-60.6 g, protein 1.7-2.5 g, fat 0.1-0.6 g, carbohydrates 36.7-39.1 g, fiber 0.1-7.5 g, ash 0.6-0.9 gm, calcium 26.5-40 mg, phosphorus 30-37.3 mg, iron 0.-1.1 mg, carotene 0.32 mg, thiamine 0.02-0.17 mg, riboflavin 0.01-0.03 g, niacin 2.5-3.7 mg, vitamin C 43-58 mg. (Monton 1992) (14)

- Studies have shown antimitotic, antioxidant, antibacterial, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective,. gastroprotective properties.

Parts used
Bark, seeds.

- Fruit is edible; best when fully ripe for easy peeling, eaten out of hand, laced with lime or lemon juice.
- Rich in niacin and carotene with a fair amount of vitamin C
- In other countries, fruit used for jams, jelly, marmalades and flavoring for ice cream.

- Fruit is dehydrated into a nutritious powder and pudding mixes.
- In Mexico, decoction of astringent bark used for fevers.
- In Cuba, decoction of bark used for skin eruptions ; seeds used for ulcers; the fruits for anemia.
- Used as remedy for coronary problems, liver disorders, epilepsy, skin diseases, and ulcers.
Latex: In Central American, latex extracted from the tree used to adulterate chicle.
Timber: Strong, hard and heavy; valued for plank and rafter making.

Pharmaceutical: In the 70s, seed derivative investigated for its activity against seborrheic dermatitis o the scalp; the study was stalled by the difficulty of procuring sufficient seeds for the study.

Antimitotic: Study yielded six stilbenes and six flavonoid glycosides. Stilbenes have been shown to exhibit a wide range of biologic activities: anti-HIV, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and hepatoprotective. The distilbene ampelopsin B was found to arrest mitosis in a cell-based primary screen. (2)
Polyphenolic antioxidants:
Fresh fruit yielded seven polyphenolic antioxidants were isolated from Pouteria species. Highest activity was found in P sapota and lowest in P campechiana. (3)
Seborrheic Dermatitis:
In the 70s, preliminary findings of a study showed it to be active against seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp.
Study on the stem of Pouteria campechiana showed slight activity against E coli and P aeruginosa, the fungi C albicans and T mentagrophytes. They were inactive against S aureus, B subtilis and A niger. (5)
Study of the methanolic extract of stem bark of Pouteria cambodiana showed a potent immunological effect with a good dose-dependent effect in peritoneal macrophage phagocytosis and activated lysosomal enzyme activity. (6)
Antibacterial: Study evaluated the antibacterial activity of P. campechiana seed against E. coli and S. aureus. The seeds showed higher zone of inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus than E. coli, but significantly lower than control. (8)
Hepatoprotective / Acetaminophen-Induced Toxicity:
Study evaluated a fruit extract of polyphenolic-rich P. campechiana for antioxidant and hepatoprotective effect against acetaminophen-intoxicated rats. Results showed concentration-dependent scavenging of free radicals. Treatment significantly reduced elevated liver marker enzymes, with restoration of normal functional ability of hepatocytes. Results showed strong antioxidant and significant hepatoprotective effect. (9)
Antioxidant / Fruit Pulp and Peel:
Study evaluated seeds, pulp, and peel of Pouteria campechiana fruit for total phenolics and antioxidant capacities. Pulp and peel ethanol extracts showed high antioxidant activities, but not the seeds. Results suggest pulp and peel can be use as a natural source of antioxidant components.
(see constituents above) (10)
• Anti-Inflammatory / Gastroprotective / Seeds and Leaves:
Study evaluated de-fatted ethanol extracts and n-hexane fractions of P. campechiana seeds and leaves. Seed ethanolic extract showed 85% inhibition of inflammation in rat paw edema test and maximum analgesic activity after 90 min (p<0.05) in hot plate test. Both seeds and leaves ethanolic extract showed significant decrease in gastric ulcer number and severity (p<0.05). (see constituents above ) (13)
• Antinociceptive / Antihyperalgesic / Herbal Mix: Study evaluated the antinociceptive and antihyperalgesic properties of an herbal preparation of four vegetal species (P. campechiana, C. cainito, C. limonum, and A. muricata) in a !:!:!:! ratio for each plant.
Results showed a dose-dependent antinociceptive effect in rat formalin and rat capsaicin. The extract showed an antihyperalgesic effect in alloxan diabetic rats. Results support the use of the plant extracts in Mayan folk medicine. (15)
• Antimutagenic PotentIal: Study leaf extracts established the antimutagenic activity of C. ovatum, C. religiosa, P. campechiana, and P. odorata. (16)
• Antimitotic Activity / Leaves:
Study evaluated the antimitotic activity of EA extracts of leaves of Pouteria campechiana. Study yielded six stilbenes and six flavonoid glycosides. Distilbene ampelopsin B was found to arrest mitosis in a cell-based primary screen to monitor cell-cycle progression. (17)


Updated May 2017 / August 2013

Photos / Content © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Canistel / Pouteria campechiana Baehni / Morton, J. 1987. Canistel. p. 402–405. In: Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL.
Isolation and Evaluation of Antimitotic Activity of Phenolic Compounds from Pouteria campechiana Baehni. / Christina Hernandez et al / Philippine Journal of Science ISSN 0031-7683
Analysis of Polyphenolic Antioxidants from the Fruits of Three Pouteria Species by Selected Ion Monitoring Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / Juan Ma et al / J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52 (19), pp 5873–5878 DOI: 10.1021/jf049950k
Canistel / Pouteria campechiana Baehni / Morton, J. 1987. Canistel. p. 402–405. In: Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL.
Isolation, Structure Elucidation and Antimicrobial Assay of Secondary Metabolites from Six Philippine Medicinal Plants / Consolacion Ragasa / De La Salle University, Manila

In vitro immunomodulatory effect of Pouteria cambodiana (Pierre ex Dubard) Baehni extract / A Manosroi, A Saraphanchotiwitthaya, J Manosroi / Journal of Ethnopharmacology 101 (2005) 90–94
Sorting Pouteria names / Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne.
Phytochemical Screening of Canistel (Pouteria campechiana) / Evie Care M. Villacrusis / Department of Science and Technology.

Antioxidant and hepatoprotective potential of Pouteria campechiana on acetaminophen-induced hepatic toxicity in rats / Aseervatham GS, Sivasudha T, Sasikumar JM, Christabel PH, Jeyadevi R, Ananth DA / Journal of physiology and biochemistry : 2013 Jul 20 pg
Total phenolics and antioxidant activities of Pouteria campechiana fruit parts / Kong K.W, Khoo H.E, Prasad K.N, Chew L.Y, Ismail A / Sains Malaysiana, 01/2013; 42(2):123-127.
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 6, Fruits, Volume 6 / T. K. Lim / Google Books
Pouteria campechiana / Synonyms / The Plant List
Chemical composition and biological activities of Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni / Aly M. Elsayed, Nebal D. El-Tanbouly, Sherifa F. Moustafa*, Rabab M. Abdou and Sally A. W. El Awdan / Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, Vol. 10(16), pp. 209-215, 25 April, 2016 / DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.6031
Lavulu: Pouteria campechiana / DKNG Pushpakumara / World Agroforestry
Antinociceptive and Antihyperalgesic Activity of a Traditional Maya Herbal Preparation Composed of Pouteria Campechiana, Chrysophyllum Cainito, Citrus Limonum, and Annona Muricata / Déciga-Campos M, Ortiz-Andrade R, Sanchez-Recillas A, Flores-Guido JS, Ramírez Camacho MA. / Drug Dev Res. 2017 Mar;78(2):91-97 / doi: 10.1002/ddr.21378. Epub 2017 Feb 8.
Antimutagenic potential and phytochemical analysis of selected Philippine plants / Christine L Chichioco-Hernandez, Noemi D Paguigan / Pharmacognosy Magazine, 2009, Vol 5, Issue 20, pp 388-393
Isolation and Evaluation of Antimitotic Activity of Phenolic Compounds from Pouteria campechiana Baehni. / Christine L.C. Hernandez,* Irene M. Villaseñor, Eric Joseph, and Nicola Tolliday / Philippine Journal of Science, 137 (1): 1-10, June 2008

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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