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Family Euphorbiaceae
Mallotus floribundus (Blume) Muell.-Arg.

Scientific names Common names
Adisca floribunda Blume Bagnan (Tagb.)
Coelodiscus annamiticus (Kuntze) Gagnep. Batalang (Bag.)
Mallotus amentiformis Müll. Arg Katula (Sub.)
Mallotus anamiticus Kuntze Kayog (Mbo.)
Mallotus floribundus (Blume) Müell.-Arg. Tula-tula (Tag., Bik., Bis., Chab., Sul)
Mappa floribunda (Blume) Zoll. & Moritzi Tuya-tuya (Tag.)
Ricinus floribundus Reinw. ex Mûll.Arg. Blue blade (Engl.)
Rottlera floribunda (Blume) Hassk.  
Mallotus floribundus (Blume) Müll.Arg. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
BURMESE: Taung-kado.
INDONESIAN: Nakau, Tapen.
MALAY: Mahang, Maya-maya, Memaya, Mempasuh, Pasu-pasu, Tampin.
THAI: Lo, Lo khon, Pik, Prik.
VIETNAMESE: B[aj]ch dan, Ba b[es]t hoa nhi[eef]u, Balik angin.

Tula-tula is a tree that attains a height of 10 meters or less. Leaves are alternate, peltate orbicular or suborbicular-ovate, 7 to 16 centimeters long, 5 to 15 centimeters wide; the apex is pointed, smooth above but glaucous beneath, with hairy glands on the axils of the base. Flowers are small. Male flowers are borne on spikes 7.5 to 10 centimeters long; the female ones occur on elongated racemes. Capsules are about 2 centimeters in diameter, nearly spherical, with thickly crustaceous and hairy cocci.

- In forests at low and medium altitudes.
- Also occurs in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, New Guinea..

Parts used
Flowers, roots.


- No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
- In Java, the aromatic flowers are mixed with rice flour in making face-powders and for scenting medicinal powders. Also, used for making toilet powder.
- In the Malay Peninsula, root decoction used after childbirth; also, for fevers, stomachaches and cholera.
- Decoction of plants used as lotion for yaws.
- Lead decoction used for cleaning wounds.
- Wood: In Sumatra, the tough wood used for making small objects.
- Scent:
Male flowers are used with rice powder as scented toilet powders.

Study evaluated 39 Mallotus samples, from at least 17 different species, for antioxidant activity. Only nine samples showed high antioxidant activity (%DPPH rem <30). Mallotus floribundus leaves showed to be highly antioxidant with %DPPH of 6.4. (4)
Cytotoxicity / Antioxidant: In a study of 33 methanolic extracts of Mallotus sp, extracts for cytotoxicity using WI-38 and HeLa cells and antioxidant activity using percentage of remaining DPPH, M. floribundus showed 74.3±2.6%, 73.8 ± 6.8, and 6.4 ± 0.2, respectively. (5)


Updated January 2020 / November 2018 / September 2013

MAGE SOURCE: / Photos / Mallotus floribundus / © The Plants in Malaysia / Used for non-commercial use / CLICK ON IMAGE TO GO TO SOURCE PAGE / LuckyBox2/FC2

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Flora of Thailand / Euphorbiaceae / Mallotus / P C van Welzen, S E C Sierra et al / National Herbarium Nederland
Mallotus floribundus (Blume) Muell. Arg. / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED
Potential antioxidant compounds in Mallotus species fingerprints. Part I: Indication, using linear multivariate calibration techniques / C. Tistaerta, B. Dejaeghera, N. Nguyen Hoaia,b, G. Chataignéc, C. Rivièrec, V. Nguyen Thi Hongb,c, M. Chau Vanb, J. Quetin-Leclercqc, Y. Vander Heydena / Analytica Chimica Acta 649 (2009) 24–32 / doi:10.1016/j.aca.2009.07.020
Identification by LC-ESI-MS of Flavonoids Responsible for the Antioxidant Properties of Mallotus Species from Vietnam / Van N.T. Hong, Céline Rivière, Quang T. Hong, Gabrielle Chataigne, Nam N. Hoai,
Bieke Dejaegher, Christophe Tistaert, Thanh N.T. Kim, Kiem P. Van, Yvan Vander Heyden, Minh C. Van and Joëlle Quetin-Leclercq / Natural Products Communication, 2011; 6(6): pp 813-818
Mallotus floribundus / Ken Fern / Useful Tropical Plants

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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