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Family Actinidiaceae
Saurauia elegans (Choisy) Fern.-Vill.

Scientific names Common names
Saurauia elegans (Choisy) Fern.-Vill. Uyok (Igorot, Knk.)
Saurauia rugosa Merr.  
Saurauia santosii Merr.  
Scapha elegans Choisy  
Saurauia elegans (Choisy) Fern.-Vill. is an accepted name. Plants of the World Online

Gen info
- Actinidiaceae is the most important family of edible wild fruits in the Cordilleras. There are three species viz. Saurauia sp. (soybo), S. elegans (uyok and S. sparsifolia (degway).

Saurauria elegans is a tree reaching a height of 20 feet. Twigs are covered with rough hairs. Leaves are 10.2 to 12.7 cm long and 2.7-3.4 cm wide at the base and coming to a point at the tip. Petioles are 1-1.5 cm long. Flowers are axillary; sepals 3.4 mm long; corolla 6.8 mm long. Stamens are numerous; styles are 3. Seeds are wrinkled and angular.

- Native to the Philippines.
- Found in temperate and tropical regions of the Cordilleras.

- Phytochemical screening of fruits yielded steroids, flavonoids, saponins, polyphenols and tannins, with absence of alkaloids and anthraquinones. (see study below) (5)

Study has shown antioxidant property.

Parts used


- Fruit is edible. Used for making candies, preserves, and juice.
- Fruit used as garnish and decorating dishes.
- In the Cordilleras, used for lung ailments. (4)
- Forage : Fruits used as forage

- Rituals: Fruits used as offertory/
- Decorative: Fruit commonly used for decorating dishes.

Phytochemicals / Antioxidant:
Study of fruit has shown antioxidant property by DPPH assay. (see constituents above) (5)



August 2021

IMAGE SOURCE: / Photo / Actinidiaceae : Saurauia elegans det. J V LaFrankie / Young inflorescences / Copyright © 2016 by P.B. Pelser & J.F. Barcelona (contact: pieter.pelser@canterbury.ac.nz) [ref. DOL114104] / Non-Commercial Use / click on image to go to source page / Phytoimages.siu.edu

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Saurauia elegans / Synonyms / Plants of the World Online
Ethnp-botanical survey of edible wild fruits in Benguet, Cordillera administrative region, the Philippines / Racquel Tan Chua-Barcelo / Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomediciine, 2014; 5(Suppl 1): pp 525-538 / PMID: 25183144 / DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B36
Phytochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity of Edible Wild Fruits in Benguet, Cordiillera Admiinistravive Region, Philippines / Racquel Chua-Barcelo / Electronic Journal of Biology, 2015; 11(3): pp 80-89 / ISSN: 1860-3122

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

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