Niyog-niyogan is an erect, glabrous, unbranched
shrub growing to a height of 5 meters. Leaves are crowded at the end
of the stems,spreading and short-petioled, oblanceolate with a cordate
base and an acute apex. Blade is coriaceous and dark-green, coarsely
toothed growing to more than 25 centimeters long. Fruit is ovoid, angular, up
to 4 centimeters long, on short peduncles and crowded at the axils of the leaves.
The leaves and fruits leave a pattern of scars on the trunk.
- Endemic to the Philippines
in thickets at low altitudes.
- Occasionally planted for its ornamental leaves.
- Sparingly cultivated in Hawaii.
- Phytochemical extracts yielded flavonoids, unsaturated sterol and triterpene, steroid glycoside, saponin,
tannin and phenol.
- Young shoots are edible.
- In the Bicol area, leaves are cooked in gata (coconut milk).
- Decoction of leaves
used for kidney stones and diabetes.
• Hypoglycemic: (1) Hydroalcoholic extract of dried leaves of Ficus pseudopalma, P. niruri, and Ipomoea batatas were tested on non-diabetic and diabetic Swiss mice. All five doses of F. pseudopalma exhibited hypoglycemic activity. It also showed slight toxicity orally and intraperitoneally. (2) a-Amyrin acetate may be one of the active constituents in the anti-diabetes property of F. pseudopalma.
• Terpenoids / Sterols: Dichloromethane extracts of air-dried leaves of F. pseudopalma and Ficus umifolia yielded terpenoids and sterols. Compounds were identified by comparison of spectral data as those of a-amyrin fatty acid ester, ß-amyrin fatty acid ester. ß-amyrin acetate, lupeol fatty acid ester, lupeol acetate, squalene, polyprenol, phytol, lutein, ß-carotene, stigmasterol, and sitosterol. Although bioassays were not conducted on the isolated compounds, previous studies have shown a wide range of biologic activities. a-Amyrin, above, for its hypoglycemic effect, and lupeol in the treatment of kidney stones.
• Lubi-lubi in Vegetable Noodles: A study conducted by the Sorsogon State College reports that vegetable noodles enriched with lubi-lubi leaves, used as puree, is highly nutritious, highly acceptable in taste, texture, and color.
Occasionally planted for ornamental use.