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Family Orchidaceae
Tawa-tawa
Grammatophyllum scriptum (Linn.) Blume
BELL ORCHID

Scientific names Common names
Epidendrum scriptum Linn. Tawa-tawa (Tag.)
Cymbidium scriptum Sw. Bell orchid (Engl.)
Vanda scripta Spreng.  
Gabertia scripta Gaudich.  
Ophrys cernua Blanco  
Grammatophyllum multiflorum Lindl.  
Grammatophyllum fenzlianum Reichb. f.  
Grammatophyllum rhumphianum Miq.  
Grammatophyllum boweri F. v. Muell.  
Grammatophyllum leopardinum Reichb. f.  
Grammatophyllum measuresianum Weathers.  
Grammatophyllum seegerianum Hort.  
Grammatophyllum fenzlianum Reichb. f.  
Grammatophyllum guilelmi-secundi Kranzl.  
Grammatophyllum scriptum Linn.  
Tawa-tawa is a shared common name of (1) Euphorbia hirta, gatas-gatas (2) Grammatophyllum scriptum, tawa-tawa, and (3) Ricinus communis, tañgan-tañgan, tawa-tawa


Botany
Tawa-tawa is an epiphytic orchid which is variable in size. Pseudobulbs are stout, ovoid or fusiform, terete, and 12 to 20 centimeters long. Leaves are oblanceolate, oblong, and 20 to 40 centimeters long. Racemes with the peduncle are 0.6 to 1.5 meters long, spreading, and nodding or pendulous. Flowers are numerous, each about 5 to 8 centimeters across. Sepals and petals are obovate-oblong, yellowish-green, and covered with large, reddish-brown blotches. Lip is three-lobed, and yellow with purple nerves. Column is incurved. Anther is orbicular and hairy, the pollinia subglobose.

Distribution
- Widely distributed in the Philippines, from sea level to an altitude of 500 meters.
- Occurs in indonesia, Borneo and New Guinea.

Parts used
Pseudobulbs.

Uses

Folkloric
- In Indonesia, paste of pseudobulb put on sores or applied to the stomach to expel worms and malignant tumors. Decoction of whole plant used to expel worms.
- Paste of bulb used for treating sores and intestinal afflictions
- Macerated orchid used for treating aphthae.
- Used as part of diet for dysentery.
Others
- Spells: In the Moluccas, the seeds have been added to a woman's food to cast a love spell and ensnare her for life.

Studies
No studies found.

Availability
Wild-crafted.

Last Update April 2013

IMAGE SOURCE: Public Domain / File:Grammatophyllum scriptum Blanco2.276-original.png / Flora de Filipinas / 1880 - 1883 / Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A) / Wikimedia Commons

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
The uses and misuses of orchids in medicine / C.J. Bulpitt / QJM: An International Journal of Medicine Volume 98, Issue 9Pp. 625-631


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