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Family Anonaceae
Kalay
Alphonsea arborea Blanco

Scientific names   Common names  
Alphonsea arborea Blanco Bolon (Bik.)
Alphonsea philippinensis Merr. Kalai (Tag.)
Platymitra arborea (Blanco) Kebler Kalay (Tag.)
  Lanotan (S. L. Bis.)
  Lanutan (Tag., Bik.)
  Malatambon (Bik.)
  Palokalai (Tag.)
  Sapiro (C. Bis.)
Lanutan is a common name shared by: (1) Kalai, Alphonsea arborea (2) Malaatis, Dasymaschalon clusiflorum (3) Kalimatas, Phaenthus ebracteolatus, and (4) Duhat-matsing, Polyalthia suberosa.

Botany
Kalai is a tall forest tree growing to a height of 40 meters with a diameter of 70 centimeters. Leaves are ovate-oblong, 10 to 15 centimeters long, 2 to 3 centimeters wide, with a pointed base and tip. Inflorescence is lateral on short hairy stalks. Flowers are small, yellow and odorless. Sepals are short, with petals about 6 millimeters long. Fruit is brown, usually single, large, hard and woody, ellipsoid or subglobose, 6 to 9 centimeters long.

Distribution
In forests at low and medium altitudes.

Properties
Considered febrifuge, emmenagogue and anti-dysenteric.

Parts utilized
Fruit, leaves and bark.

Uses
Nutrition
Ripe fruit is edible; eaten raw.
Folkloric
- Boiled fruit used for fevers.
- Decoction of fruit used for amenorrhea.
- Decoction of bark with dried leaves of garlic used for urticaria.
- Decoction of fruit used as antidysenteric.
- Decoction of bark used for diabetes.
Others
Ornamental cultivation.
Wood: Used for making baseball bats and bowling pins.

Studies
No studies reported.


Availability
Wild-crafed.

Last Update June 2013

IMAGE SOURCE / Alphonsea philippinensis Merr. / © Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany / National Museum of Natural History Image Collection
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Medicinal Plants Research in Asia - Volume I / Batugal PA, Kanniah J, Sy L, Oliver JT /

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